Recent entries

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11752 Copy

    Questioner

    The next tattoo I'm going to get will be the Oaths from the Windrunners, because they are a huge part of my life. And I was just wondering if you'd be able to give me one of them? There's two more, right?

    Brandon Sanderson

    There are more Oaths.

    Questioner

    Or if you could tell me which books they're going to come out in, so I can plan on--

    Brandon Sanderson

    So that's a huge spoiler, and they're recording me right now. So I can, maybe, if you promise you're not going to share this on the internet... So I can give you Oath #3. That'll be it for a while

    Questioner

    Okay, that's fine. I appreciate it...

    Brandon Sanderson

    That's the wording as I have it in my head right now. I might not use the exact words, but that's okay because the Oaths are concepts and each person who speaks them will speak them slightly differently. Like you will see in future books people speaking Oaths you have seen before, they'll be slightly reworded to match their personality. But that's the concept. You might be able to see that it's a very important thing.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11753 Copy

    Questioner

    Can spren be put back together, through Bondsmiths rejoined, as Shards can be joined and combined?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That, um… so what do you mean by spren put back together?

    Questioner

    Could a Bondsmith combine spren in the way that Shards can be combined?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Ok, so the answer is they can be combined. Whether the Bondsmith is a method or not I won't say, but spren can be combined.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11757 Copy

    Questioner

    When will we find out what the Nightwatcher looks like?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Um… well, Dalinar, in the past, met the Nightwatcher. Dalinar's third book is getting flashback sequences to his past experiences. You can postulate that one of those important past experiences might be a visit to the Nightwatcher.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11758 Copy

    Questioner

    As the Cosmere gets a lot bigger, what is your biggest worry going forward writing the books?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Going forward, my biggest worry is making sure that I do things like get The Stormlight Archive done as a solid, complete whole, rather than letting it become... like, too distracted about the Cosmere. Like, I'm not worried about that for Mistborn, but I'm worried about that for Stormlight. Stormlight needs to be a self-contained whole, it needs to be a self-contained epic, and I have to be really careful not to-- in the later books in particular-- let it turn into the Avengers, something like that. So that's my biggest worry right now, is that I will let too much of that seep in. I'm being very careful about it.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11759 Copy

    Questioner

    Does Hemalurgy require intent to steal the stuff? Or could somebody in theory just stab through in the exact-- I understand the chances are extremely slim, it's like accupuncture ...happen by accident?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Here's the thing, you've seen it happen without the intent of the person holding the spike.

    Questioner

    But I think it's commonly accepted that Ruin was sort of manipulating some-- I'm specifically taking the Spook example off the table, I'm just saying, someone by accident stab - whoops! stab - whoops! and have a power?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Again, Ruin was involved in that. Every spike-- spiking that you saw had Ruin's intent behind it. I'm not going to answer your question, RAFO. You tried, you got me to admit that I was trying to wiggle around it, and I will tell you, today I wiggled around one question that none of you saw me wiggle around, really well, today. Today. I'm not going to tell you which one it is but there is one here that you all thought, you're all like "woo!" but you didn't realize you'd given me so much wiggle room.

    Moderator

    So about that space station.

    Brandon Sanderson

    It's not that one.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11760 Copy

    Questioner

    This is just from our discussion earlier. So Taravangian… He asks for two things. The capacity to stop what is coming and the capacity to save humankind. And then he gets this weird thing to happen. Is the intelligence and empathy thing because both of those things can't come true at the same time?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That's an excellent question. RAFO!

    Moderator

    Let me ask a parallel to that. Are those-- Does the Nightwatcher perceive those as the same boon or two parallel boons?

    Brandon Sanderson

    RAFO!

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11762 Copy

    Questioner

    If Lift ate something that had like, gold leaf on it, 'cause some foods like-- She would be turning that gold leaf into Investiture or Stormlight, right?

    Brandon Sanderson

    If it is giving-- So the gold leaf would probably pass through her system.

    Questioner

    So she wouldn't be...

    Brandon Sanderson

    Mmhmm, yes, that things that she eats that she can metabolize, she can turn into Stormlight.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11765 Copy

    Questioner

    You called Nightblood a miscrea-- a misformed Shardblade.

    Brandon Sanderson

    A Shardblade created with a different magic system.

    Questioner

    Is that an intentional creation or mimicry? Or--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes, that is intentional.

    Moderator

    Intentional on the part of the person who made Nightblood…

    Brandon Sanderson

    Mmhmm.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11766 Copy

    Questioner

    So I've got to say, I love [Shadows Beneath] and I was wondering if you were doing any more projects like that.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Um, [Shadows Beneath], are we doing any more projects like that. Getting all four of us together to do something is tough. We have talked about doing one where we each write a story in someone else's world and I think that would be the most likely that you would see, like I write a John Cleaver story, and Dan writes a Stormlight story, and Mary writes a Schlock Mercenary story, something like that, but we don't have any immediate plans to do another [Shadows Beneath] where we brainstorm something on air like we did.

    Questioner

    Would that story be canon?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Would the story be canon? No, the story would not be canon. Most likely not. I mean, it's possible.

    Footnote: During the actual exchange they refer to the Altered Perceptions anthology, but from context Brandon is actually talking about the Shadows Beneath anthology.
    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11767 Copy

    Questioner

    Will iron mined-- created and mined on Roshar work to power Allomancy on Scadrial? This is a clarification from earlier session.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Um, hehe… Okay, so what do you want to have happen, talk to me. Explain to me--

    Questioner

    …Iron is iron, does it have the same effect if it will be iron that was created on Roshar--

    Brandon Sanderosn

    Oh, I see what you're saying.

    Questioner

    --power Allomancy on Scadrial--

    Brandon Sanderson

    The metals are themselves-- and I've said this before, I think, but-- the metals themselves-- where you get it is not relevant.

    Moderator

    So if say Wit is drinking flakes on Roshar, then those flakes could be Roshar-derived.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11768 Copy

    Questioner

    My question's about Secret History, specifically it's kind of a two-parter. The first part's easier to answer. Is it relevant that the glowing substance that Hoid puts on his oar is very similarly described as the same stuff that the Ire drink, the glowing--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, that is relevant.

    Questioner

    And does it have to do with Connection.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Ah… *sighs* Yes, but not the way you're thinking. That's a "I'm wiggling out of..." Yes, it has to do with Connection, but so does a dog. Cause a dog is Connected to things. *laughs in the audience* You said "does it have to do with"! The answer is yes.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11769 Copy

    Questioner

    Someone who has Breath Investiture, can they give Breath to somebody who doesn't, so like somebody from Scadrial, or--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    Questioner

    Would the Scadrian be able to use it?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes. You have seen people from off-planet who have Breath before.

    Moderator

    Or, indeed, perfect pitch?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Uhuh. *laughter* And are making use of it in a variety of ways.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11770 Copy

    Questioner

    In Bands of Mourning you got more into the Connection element and gave us some hints there. During a previous seminar a question came up on how that relates to your Physical, Cognitive, and Spiritual Realm. I guess, we've talked about if people were to go different places it seems from the hints you've given in your books that there's a Physical aspect to Connection as far as where people are when they use the Connection as well as there's some ideal with… in the Secret History that we've got, when Kelsier was, when he wasn't Connected enough to Preservation. So can you give us anything more--

    Brandon Sanderson

    I just gave you a ton in Secret History! So much! I gave you a lot in Secret History to philosophize upon, this is very relevant to a lot of the things that happen in the cosmere.

    Questioner

    I guess, specifically, does someone have to have both-- with Connection, are there more than one elements that people would have to have to have Connection to provide avenue to power from a different area.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh, um… there are multiple things that could help with it, yes. There are certain things that you can Connect through to make one strong Connection would be enough for a variety of magics, yeah.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11771 Copy

    Questioner

    What would happen if a Forger got their hands on Nightblood and they Soulstamped Nightblood?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Nightblood is so heavily Invested that it would be like trying to freeze the ocean with an ice cube. *crowd wows* Maybe not that scale, that's your metaphor.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11772 Copy

    Questioner

    In The Emperor's Soul… you indicate sort of the opposite of the kandra in regards to… Soulstamps can be made with bone and are considered the lesser, with crystal is the highest. With kandras, if their true bodies are crystal, they are considered weak. Bones are considered strong.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Ehhh… I'm gonna stop you right there, just because that's gonna depend on the kandra, and their age, and how they feel about it. There are plenty of kandra, I think MeLaan would argue against that and be like "No! Non-bone true bodies are way better! Look, I can take my hands off and stab people with the swords underneath. This is super better!" Whereas TenSoon would be like, "That's not…" It's a little bit like when I was in Korea, and people are like "Things made out of concrete just feel worse! It's bad for the kibun to always be surrounded by concrete. Wood is better for you." I… think there are people who would disagree with that, I think there are people who would totally agree with that.

    Questioner

    My question. If you were to combine a Soulstamp of a crystal, with a kandra true body of a crystal, would they have additional powers that could compete with regards to Mistborn. If it compounds?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Alright, so if you took the crystal that they're making Soulstamps out of and you gave it to a kandra, and they used it for bones, generally the kandra are not drawing any sort of extra Investiture or power from the bones, they're making-- they're using. That's-- Though TenSoon would argue that I'm wrong. *general laughter*

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11773 Copy

    Questioner

    So we've seen three different cultures of people on Scadrial. Is Harmony involved… well, we can probably assume there's probably more cultures, but there are…

    Brandon Sanderson

    There are more, yes.

    Questioner

    Is Harmony involved in all of them, or is he-- Does he pretty much keep his attention on the main one.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Harmony considers himself the god of all of them.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11774 Copy

    Questioner

    Will we ever see an entire map of how the different planets are spaced out in the Physical--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh, yeah, the Cosmere collection will have a star chart of the cosmere.

    Moderator

    A Hitchhiker's Guide to the Cosmere, if you will…

    Brandon Sanderson

    Now, you've got to remember that at the point that this comes out-- The collection's been interesting for a couple of reasons. For one reason, the collection's coming out before Sixth of the Dusk happens in the cosmere, right? And so Khriss gives an introduction to each world, so you'll find her introduction to First of the Sun to be a very interesting introduction that doesn't know things that you know because of that. In addition, the star chart is a star chart created by people who are not spacefaring, right? And so it is a star chart more along the lines of-- It may not be one hundred percent to scale and things like that, like they've been able to figure out a lot of things by using the Cognitive Realm, so they'd be like "alright, here's the relationship", but it will be a while before you get what feels like a Star Trek star chart. Your star chart you're gonna get in this is a fantasy star chart, which will give you the relative positions and things like that, but it's not gonna be like you can measure exactly, which we do have! But I'm not gonna give you yet. *audience laughs*

    Moderator

    Are you referring to Arcanum Unbound?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Arcanum Unbounded, yeah.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11775 Copy

    Questioner

    Is there going to be a map of a recommended reading order or is it…

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh, yeah, that's a great question, is there gonna be a recommended reading order. So I've started building a guide similar to the one that they put in the back of Terry Pratchett's books in the US. I don't find that guide incredibly helpful, so I'd want to create one that is helpful, that is basically like what we put on the front page where we list all the books saying "if this intimidates you, turn to this page", and then I'll have kind of a discussion of what the varied series are, and what the entry points are and what-- just kind of like a "what is the style of this book". Like if I can say, you know, if you're really interested, if you're, um, you know, Warbreaker, if you want a standalone, a little bit more romance, a little bit more kind of humor and things like that-- Warbreaker. If you're like "I would love something superaction-oriented that has lots of explosions", then Steelheart, right? And if you're like "I like swimming in the deep end. I want to jump in feet first and see how deep it goes", then we send you to Stormlight, right? And I want to have these introductions at the end and kind of give a sort of mention of "A lot of these are connected, you don't need to read them in any specific--", stuff like that. And we're gonna try and get that starting in books, in the near future.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11776 Copy

    KalynaAnne

    We've kind of circled around the issue, but Professor Layton has talked about conics in general. Are we going to see hyperbolic lines and parabolas *audio obscured*

    Brandon Sanderson

    So, there is discussion of that in my notes, we'll see if I can get to it. It's more-- The cultural stuff for book two is more important to me right now, I'm not sure how far I will advance Rithmatics in the next book or not, but we will do some kind of origin stuff and fundamentals in the next one.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11777 Copy

    Questioner

    With Awakening, given that you know the correct command word, could you potentially give anything to the other person, using Awakening?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Using Awakening, it has to be related to the fundamental aspects of Investiture.

    Bystander

    Which are…?

    Questioner

    How would we find what those are?

    Brandon Sanderson

    …How would you find what those are? Spend a lot of time researching the cosmere, have some conversations with Khriss, and come up with some theories! …There's a bunch of them written in the books and indicated, so yes.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11778 Copy

    Questioner

    Obviously the world covers different planets, but most people on all the individual planets don't know about the other planets. Is there a planet within the cosmere where worldhopping is common knowledge?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Is there a planet in the cosmere where worldhopping is common knowledge. Um… it's not a planet.

    Bystander

    It's a space station? *laughter* That's no moon!

    Brandon Sanderson

    That's not as far off as people laughing think that it is. *laughter* It's not a space station, it's not that futuristic, but there is a place in the cosmere where a lot of worldhoppers have settled, is where Iyatil is from, even though her ethnicity is not from there.

    Moderator

    Clarifying question… Is that place in the Physical Realm?

    Brandon Sanderson

    *laughs* RAFO!

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11779 Copy

    Questioner

    When it comes to the epic-level spren on Roshar, like the Nightwatcher and the Stormfather-- Is the number of epic-level spren equal to the number of Bondsmiths that you can have on Roshar?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Hmm, is the number of epic-level spren related to the number of Bondsmiths you have? Well, I've said there's a maximum of three. And there are three Shards involved in Roshar. I'm not gonna tell you if that's a coincidence or not. Sorry.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11780 Copy

    Questioner

    When you're not writing or doing everything else, what series or authors do you enjoy.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Who do I read? I read… last book I've read was Dark Knight Returns, Frank Miller, because everyone I know - I'm like, why have I never read this before? And everyone's basing every movie off it nowadays, so I finally read Dark Knight Returns. Before that, I read the first book of the Expanse, because it's another one that I've just never gotten to. I like that, those were both good. Dark Knight Returns was good, I was expecting something like Alan Moore level, and it was more… it was good, but it wasn't as mind-blowing, and I think that's partially because everybody's based every movie in existence on Batman since, you know, Tim Burton, on Dark Knight Returns, and so it doesn't feel as fresh as perhaps it would've if I'd been reading in '86 or whenever it was released.

    Um, my go-to is Terry Pratchett, or Guy Gavriel Kay, but if you didn't read Uprooted by Naomi Novik last year, it was extremely good. If you like stuff a little more literary, N.K. Jemison's The Fifth Season is really good, but again that's kind of… that's kind of almost for English Majors, that's got viewpoints in second person future tense, and they work, and they're really good. Nora is a very good writer, if you guys haven't tried A Hundred Thousand Kingdoms, which is a little bit more accessible than Fifth Season, she's just a really spectacular writer. Um, what else did I read last year that I liked… I mean, yeah, that's a couple. Brian McClellan's Powder Mage, if you like my stuff, you'll like Brian's stuff most likely, he's an ex-student of mine that I can't take much credit for because he was, he was very good when he took the class. But, he's writing flintlock fantasy that is just really good.

    Bystander

    Listen to Writing Excuses…

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, Writing Excuses! We recommend a book on every episode of Writing Excuses, um, so.

    Moderator

    Have you read Pat's books?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Have I read Rothfuss? Yeah, I've read Rothfuss' books. I've got… I get them early! Um, so, um… I've got my Wise Man's Fear and my The Slow Regard of Silent Things, and both came with a number in the corner like "if this ends up on eBay, we know who we gave it to" sort of thing, it was watermarked, "this is Brandon's copy, don't sell it".

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11781 Copy

    Questioner

    I believe you've said that you've toyed with the idea of writing books more like Secret History from other characters' viewpoints. Would you consider doing one for Marsh, like, during the events after the Ascension of Harmony to The Alloy of Law?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, that's a possibility, people have asked me for a Marsh viewpoint before. I would like to do more Marsh. So, we would have to see-- Like, when I do-- if I can find the time for it, Secret History 2-- Mistborn: Secret History 2, that would cover time before the start of Era 2 and it's possible I can slip in some Marsh. I mean, in Secret History we got some Spook, so…

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11782 Copy

    Questioner

    On that note, in Secret History, Kelsier's reading the symbols. Does he not-- I mean he is able to understand them...

    Brandon Sanderson

    Right, right. So, if you go look really closely at what happens with Kelsier before he's able to start reading the symbols and understand the language, you can relate it to things in the cosmere that I've talked about before for how he's able to do that.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11783 Copy

    Questioner

    The Aons on Sel… they're all based on, I assume the Investiture in Elantris itself, all the sigils are based on the general shape of the landscape around Elantris. Could that magic work in other places based on the geography of the other places with high Investiture, or is that exclusive to Sel?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That is an aspect of the Selan magic system-- Did I say Selian or Selan? I can't remember which one we settled on, Peter knows…

    Crowd

    Selish.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh, Selish, that's what we settled on, isn't it, yeah, Selish magic system. This is why we have copy editors *laughter* That's a feature of the Selish magic system that, so far as I know, no one has pulled out in any decent reason for. But there's a distinct reason that could be figured out, but it's one of these things that will make sense when I explain it, but I'm not sure if it's quote-unquote "intuitively obvious to the average reader". I don't think that it necessarily is that, but it will make perfect sense once it's explained.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11784 Copy

    PallonianFire

    If a Shard were to heal the cracks in someone's spiritweb, like Sazed did with Spook, and that person who was getting healed has a Nahel bond, would that break the bond?

    Brandon Sanderson

    No, because the Nahel bond is already filling in those cracks, so you would have to rip it off to put something else in there.

    PallonianFire

    So it wouldn't really be-- the Shard wouldn't be able to heal--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Well, the Shard-- Like, here's the thing we have to get at with this, what we're getting at, which is the question of, for instance, is Kaladin's depression a flaw in him that needs to be healed? And that is a question for philosophers. There are certainly people, cosmere and outside the cosmere, that say "Yes, this needs to be healed" and things like this. But what about somebody who's-- say, someone who is autistic, and their mind just works in a different way, and this way allows a certain bond to happen that couldn't otherwise happen? Is that a flaw, or is that-- is it a bug or a feature, to speak in coding terms? Is what's up with Kaladin a bug or a feature? I know that my wife would probably get rid of her depression if she could, but it's also been fundamental in how she sees the world and who she is, would that change her into a different person? And things like this. So, I want you when you discuss this, to be very careful about treating mental illness as a flaw as opposed to an aspect of a human personality that allows certain different things to happen. Does that make sense? *applause*

    PallonianFire

    The way I was sort of thinking, was, could Odium say, "Oh, I'm just going to fix this" and then you can't Surgebind anymore?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Right, right, yeah. If he-- if there w-- that is possible, but it would be hard to do without the consent of the person, but that is possible… You can fix somebody in a way that they didn't want to be fixed, and it would ruin things.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11785 Copy

    Questioner

    What are the upper limits size-wise of what a kandra form can take? Could they say eat a chasmfiend?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Well, they would have trouble with the square-cube law, and a chasmfiend does not, because they have a symbiosis with natural spren, which keep them from crushing themselves. *scattered laughter* So a kandra would crush themselves if they tried to do that.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11786 Copy

    Questioner

    In the last panel we talked a lot about people from different planets using magic systems on other planets, one of the things I've been thinking about, we've been thinking about, talking about Breath, and people being born with Breath, is that something specific to Nalthis or do, technically, other people on other planets have a Breath as well?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Good question and that is a Nalthian thing. Now, everyone in the cosmere to an extent has Investiture, the Nalthian Breath is part what everyone has and then a little extra, plus the ability to share it around. So a person who gives up their Breath on Nalthis is actually going below what a normal person has. But a normal person on Nalthis has more than somebody-- So if you were for instance to pick a world like Sixth of the Dusk, where there's not a Shard in residence, and you compared them to a Nalthian, Nalthian has an Investiture advantage over them. When they've given up their Breath, they have an Investiture disadvantage.

    Bystander

    So we're not Drabs?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So we're not Drabs. That's exactly it. We're not Drabs.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11788 Copy

    Wetlander

    As of Secret History, is Khriss working with the Seventeenth Shard at that time?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Khriss works with anybody who is interested in the information that she has. She is a--

    Wetlander

    Freelancer?

    Brandon Sanderson

    No, not a freelancer, really, she is a-- She'd get along with Edward Snowden, right? She is-- For the good of the cosmere, in her opinion, she is providing this information. She thinks that it'll be useful for everyone. So if the Seventeenth Shard comes to her and says "We want to know this" and she knows it, she will tell them. If Hoid comes to her and says "I want to know this", she would tell him. So Khriss will work with anyone who she thinks their motives are for the good of the cosmere in general.

    Bystander

    Not strictly a mercenary?

    Brandon Sanderson

    No, not a mercenary, she's kind of a freedom of information type person.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11789 Copy

    Questioner

    On Roshar, because of there's no tectonic activity, it would suggest that it's possible that the magnetic dynamo inside doesn't create enough of a magnetosphere to protect life from solar radiation, so my question is, do the highstorms function as a form of protection against solar radiation?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That's an excellent question.

    Bystander

    That's a RAFO. *laughter*

    Brandon Sanderson

    That's a really cool question.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11790 Copy

    Questioner

    This became a question, I thought this had been answered, but kandra can't produce kandra children.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Well, yes they can. You get them some spikes.

    Questioner

    Can the kandra produce human children with consumed parts?

    Brandon Sanderson

    You know, I saw a big thread about this on Reddit and chose not to participate, despite being asked to.

    Questioner

    I thought she said that you did, so…

    Brandon Sanderson

    I gave vague and unuseful answers, and so I'm going to give the same to you. RAFO.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11791 Copy

    Questioner

    I was just wondering if you had any plans for a longer Legion type work.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Plans for a longer Legion type work. The goal was for a long time if I could get a television show off the ground, I would write a novel to accompany it to kind of publicize the show. We sold the rights like two or three times, and no one ever got it off the ground. I still think it's possible someday, but I probably don't envision doing a longer one-- In fact, I'll say, I don't envision doing a longer one right now unless that happens. Though I do envision doing a third story at some point.

    Moderator

    So you would say that Legion is best consumed in forty-four minute blocks?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, I mean, when I came up with the idea, I thought, this would make a great television show, let me write a few episodes.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11793 Copy

    Questioner

    This whole talk of both Roshar and the highstorms, I'm glad that you said they predate the Shattering. There are some people on 17th Shard, myself included, that firmly believe the entire continent is crem that's accumulated, one highstorm at a time.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Good. Let me actually squish that one a little bit because there are mineral deposits that have been mentioned that you have to mine. And crem-- There isactual ferrous iron that you can smelt on Roshar, you have to know how to get to it and things like that, and there are actual gemstone mines and things like that. Much harder to get to and Soulcasting is a stopgap that has helped with this a lot, but there are actual deposits and things like that.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11794 Copy

    Questioner

    Speaking of the Stormfather, would the Nightwatcher and the giant water spren be on the same level of spren as the Stormfather?

    Brandon Sanderson

    ...The Nightwatcher, yes. Um... There are, I would say, a level below the Stormfather and the Nightwatcher who are also much-- a much bigger deal than something like one of the sapient spren, and that's what Cusicesh is.

    Questioner

    So the Nightwatcher is a spren you'd say?

    Brandon Sanderson

    The Nightwatcher-- I mean, they call the Nightwatcher a spren. Everyone in the books thinks the Nightwatcher is a spren. That's what they would call-- that's what they would call, if they knew what Honor was, they would call Honor a spren. A spren is Investiture that is alive.

    Bystander

    Nightblood?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So they would call Nightblood a spren. They would call-- That's the word for what all of these things are. They would probably've called Adonalsium a spren…

    Moderator

    What would Hoid call one of those?

    Brandon Sanderson

    What would Hoid call the Nightwatcher? *laughter* What would Hoid call one of what?

    Moderator

    Yeah what would Hoid call the Nightwatcher?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Um… *long pause/laughter*

    Moderator

    If Hoid were to use a non-proper noun?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Unpleasant names. *laughter*

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11795 Copy

    Questioner

    If the highstorms existed prior to the Shards' arrival, what's the relationship between the highstorms and the Stormfather?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh good question. I was wondering if someone was going to ask that… So, I'll tr-- Let me see… *sighs*

    You know, I'm actually going to RAFO this one. *laughter* And let me tell you why, because I mean, I want to give you some reasons to be interested in the things that Dalinar will be talking about with the Stormfather. So this is a RAFO with an explicit promise that book 3-- These are things that are covered now that we have bonded the Stormfather to a person who can now ask some of these questions. I could totally just tell you now, but where's the fun in that? Read book three.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11796 Copy

    Moderator

    Is there such a thing as… voluntary Hemalurgy?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Voluntary Hemalurgy? Yes.

    Moderator

    ...Where you can give a power to someone through those sorts of means.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Through any means, or through Hemalurgic means?

    Moderator

    Er, explain what you mean by that question. *laughter*

    Brandon Sanderson

    In Nalthis, you are giving up your power voluntarily to someone else.

    Moderator

    Specifically in the context of Scadrial here.

    Brandon Sanderson

    I mean, can you not imagine a person who's like "Yes I am crazy and will give up my power to this…" you know?

    Bystander

    But don't the end results negate?

    Brandon Sanderson

    You can't imagine somebody who would do that? …I am absolutely sure that at some point even in creating Inquisitors there's somebody who would be like, "yes, I will give my life to the Lord Ruler." So, yes?

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11797 Copy

    Questioner

    So for the Old Magic, in this classification system of end-positive, end-neutral, and end-negative, where would that fall under?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So, almost every magic in the cosmere is end-positive, almost every magic is relying upon an external source of Investiture to power it. So that phrasing is mostly more relevant to Scadrial than anywhere else, because that concept is how I'm dealing with things like the laws of thermodynamics, and even what they call end-neutral is relying a little bit on the power of Investiture to facilitate. So even an end-neutral magic system as they define it on Scadrial is actually not end-neutral. What you get put in you get out, but the power is facilitating that transfer… So that phrasing is kind of a... Take that as a science on.. Scadrial that does not extrapolate well, and may not even be 100% accurate.

    Moderator

    That would have been a great thing to know before we did the cosmere magic panel. *laughter*

    Brandon Sanderson

    I look at it as, is an Investiture externally powering the magic, and if you look at Allomancy, yes it is. You are drawing that power out. Feruchemy, you are putting Investiture in from your own body, it's your energy transferring to Investiture, which is being stored, which you are then drawing out, and things like that. But that changing forms is facilitated by the magic. Whereas you're stealing stuff with-- So you could look, for instance at the magic on Nalthis, you could look at that one as being-- as kind of working as end-negative, meaning "I am taking it away from someone else", or end-positive depending on if you're the one receiving it or not. So again, it's a phrasing that can be useful as a tool but doesn't scale well to the other magics.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11798 Copy

    Questioner

    Did the Dawnchant originate on Roshar?

    Brandon Sanderson

    The Dawnchant originate on Roshar? Um, the Dawnchant… Yes… What I won't tell you or not is whether the Dawnchant is an evolution from a different language, but the Dawnchant itself is from Roshar.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11799 Copy

    Questioner

    I get the impression after reading Stormlight 1 and 2 that a lot of what you would consider to be flora, plant-life, is actually something like coral in the ocean which is actually an animal. So is there actually any flora on Roshar outside out of, like, Shinovar?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, yeah, like almost all the things you see as flora are actual flora. Like, rockbuds are flora, trees are flora, shalebark is not, and some of the things like that-- haspers are not, and some of these things are more-- are animal life, are fauna. But grass is actually a flora, and trees.

    Now I mean one of the big adaptations they've had to make is that they have to use crem, so a lot of the trees that you'll find on Roshar, they will be using crem that falls and you use this to create shells, you use this to infuse your bark, they use this in a lot of different ways, the minerals there are very important because they're not getting from the soil what plants on our world get from soil, a lot of them do. You have to get all of your minerals and things basically have to come from the crem.

    Bystander

    Which the farmers already knew.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Which the farmers already knew.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #11800 Copy

    Questioner 1

    So you mentioned earlier that a lot of the characters that we see in multiple books are functionally immortal-- that interact between the different stories are functionally immortal. Can we-- But some of them when we saw them in actual just books, before we saw them jumping between worlds, were not functionally immortal at that time. Can we then take that to mean that they somehow became functionally immortal?

    Brandon Sanderson

    You can take that to become that. Now--

    Moderator

    Correctly. There's an implied correctly.

    Brandon Sanderson

    You can correctly. Now here's the distinction. Some of them are not. Some of them are using tricks of *searches for correct word* relativistic time travel to move forward in the future. Some of them are not aging and others are just aging really slowly. And those are three separate things among characters you have actually seen.

    Questioner 2

    And which are which? *laughter*

    Brandon Sanderson

    ...I will give you hints as you read the books.