Recent entries

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #951 Copy

    Questioner

    In the Lighthouse, it seems that it's almost like a fabrial, but not quite, because obviously, it's not a spren, obviously. So, is it like the Cognitive equivalent of what that would be?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So, what specifically are you talking about? Not the light itself, but the thing that Kaladin sees and stuff like that?

    Questioner

    Yeah.

    Brandon Sanderson

    No, I wouldn't say that it is. So, I would go a different direction on that.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #952 Copy

    Questioner

    Why is there only one... I mean is there either one Allomantic power or all of them?

    Brandon Sanderson

    What do you mean? Oh, why is that? That was mostly for narrative reasons and for making it easy for the reader to track. And, so, why in world? Just ended up being the way the Investiture split but mostly it was for narrative reasons, it was for author reasons.

    Questioner

    I was thinking if it was related to Identity?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, no. It's mostly for my convenience as a writer.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #954 Copy

    Questioner

    They're called "Wax and Wayne." Is that something to do with the moon or is that just...

    Brandon Sanderson

    It's a pun, it's just a pun on my part.

    Questioner

    So you did it on purpose but it's nothing in the book?

    Brandon Sanderson

    I did. Yeah, Scadrial doesn't have a moon so they wouldn't really... The words "wax" and "wane" still mean what they mean, but it's not part of common vernacular the way it is over here. So it's me being goofy and loving the pun way too much.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #955 Copy

    Questioner

    During the lecture the other day, you talked about the books that you never published, the thirteen books. You mentioned something you called the unspeakable, terrible book number nine. What is that about?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Parts of it ended up as Warbreaker. It was called Mythwalker and I never finished it - it's the only one out of all those I gave up on. It had a magic system that didn't end up working. So, that's pretty bad for one of my books. I had an intriguing concept, but it never worked.

    Questioner

    And do you have another one from the thirteen that you still intend on adapting, changing and then maybe publishing?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Aether of Night will probably end up in some form or another, and Dragonsteel will probably end up in some form or another.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #956 Copy

    Avivsm

    Can a Nahel Bond be stagnant because of a spren's inability to progress? If the spren has a character deficiency they cannot break through or something?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Can a spren cause the Nahel Bond to not progress? This is possible. Not very common but it is possible.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #957 Copy

    Avivsm

    Did the old Knights Radiant know the Shin were in possession of the Honorblades?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So... the Knights Radiant are aware of where... most of them are aware of where the Honorblades are.

    Avivsm

    In the old times?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh, I thought you meant the Heralds. Did the old Knights Radiant know where the Honorblades were? I will RAFO that one, sorry. I was thinking, yes, the Heralds knew where their Blades ended up, but I will RAFO the Knights Radiant.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #958 Copy

    Questioner

    Second thing, can I get a Releaser Ideal maybe?

    Brandon Sanderson

    A what?

    Questioner

    At least a Dustbringer?

    Brandon Sanderson

    No, I don't give the Ideals out until they come up in the books. They're all major plot points.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #959 Copy

    Questioner

    Are the Sleepless Invested? And if so, is that in every hordeling or is it like the hive mind is an Investiture?

    Brandon Sanderson

    I will RAFO that. All things are Invested. So-

    Questioner

    Un-Innate Investiture, like extra...

    Brandon Sanderson

    Extra? I will RAFO that.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #960 Copy

    Questioner

    Two days ago, you read the first chapter of Stormlight 4 and Navani has a homesteward there and he has those rings, lots and lot of rings. Is it maybe... he has...

    Brandon Sanderson

    You're gonna ask if he is a Terrisman, right?

    Questioner

    Maybe...

    Brandon Sanderson

    Maybe... RAFO.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #961 Copy

    Questioner

    When Zahel worldhopped to Roshar, did he ever do that before Warbreaker?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes, in fact Roshar was where the idea for Nightblood kind of came from.

    Questioner

    Will you ever write about that?

    Brandon Sanderson

    I will probably reference it in future books and maybe I'll do some flashbacks, but I haven't decided. I'm unlikely to write a book that covers that time period on its own.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #962 Copy

    Questioner

    So my question is this: So, Investiture is a different [type?] of existence separate from matter and energy, right?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    Questioner

    So, does entropy apply to Investiture?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes... It does, with some caveats, but yes. It works a little differently, but it does apply. You should be able to apply all three laws of thermodynamics with... accounting for a third state of matter, energy.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #965 Copy

    Questioner

    Where did you get the inspiration for the <pilot unit> in Skyward, because you get the culture of the piloting program in Israel very well!

    Brandon Sanderson

    I actually went to a lot of pilots and asked them to be my beta readers and talked to them and they gave me a bunch of feedback.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #966 Copy

    Questioner

    If you took Nightblood into the Cognitive Realm, what would he look like?

    Brandon Sanderson

    RAFO, and yes, he has been taken into the Cognitive Realm before.

    Questioner

    More specifically,  would he stay a sword or would he give himself a sort of...

    Brandon Sanderson

    That's a RAFO... that's the RAFO. Just make sure when you go through that perpendicularity, he's in a sheath. Otherwise, bad things happen.

    Questioner

    There would be a difference, you say?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, bad things would happen if you took Nightblood through.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #967 Copy

    Questioner

    So you said, so the only two ways to really worldhop are Cognitive Realm or FTL.

    Brandon Sanderson

    I did not say that, I said...

    Questioner

    So there could be another way?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes. I said, if you couldn't use Shadesmar, is there another way. I did not say there are only two ways.

    Questioner

    Okay, so there could be more than two ways?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    Questioner

    Okay, thank you. That's the answer I was looking forward to.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #969 Copy

    Questioner

    The Reachers in the ship that leads Kaladin and the group... What kind of Order do they create?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That will be answered in the next book. You'll have pictures of all of the Radiant spren and their bonds, except the Bondsmiths, obviously.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #970 Copy

    Questioner

    One. Can there be Nahel Bonds with more then ten types of spren because we have ten Orders.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Meaning, are there other possible spren that could form other Orders of Knights Radiant that are not the ten? This is theoretically possible, but that is basically what you could argue is happening to Renarin. So now if you want to say... if you want to throw out the exception of spren who were one of the ten who got changed, then this is theoretically possible but right now currently wouldn't work.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #971 Copy

    Alyssum

    So, Shadows for Silence... Threnody, or Hell at least, is based off of Judaism, right? And Shade sounds a lot like the Hebrew word for demon, Shedim. Is there a relation?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes... yes. But it's not an in-world reason, it's just in my brain, right?

    Alyssum

    Okay, so I was going to ask like... do they have chicken legs, which is how [Jewish demons are depicted]

    Brandon Sanderson

    No, they don't. But, you know, things like She’ol [Hebrew word, the Jewish interpetation of the afterlife in certain texts] and things like that, they're in the back of my head - mostly because of Stormlight. I would say, I hadn't thought about it before, but that's definitely an unconscious influence on me. But they do not have chicken legs.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #972 Copy

    Alyssum

    I have a follow-up question about Nalthis and synesthesia. How would having a lot of Breaths affect the Heightenings of someone with chromesthesia, which is a form of synesthesia where you... light and color. I mean, sorry, sound and color.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Okay, so you hear sounds and you see colors?

    Alyssum

    Or vice-versa, you hear color and see sounds.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Okay, you hear colors and you see sounds... So, what did I say before?

    Alyssum

    You said that it would affect it in different ways, but you didn't say how.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Alright, so... See sound and hear color... *struggling* I'd have to think about it, honestly. I don't think I can off the cuff that one.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #974 Copy

    Questioner

    If an Elantrian were to tattoo someone with an Aon with the intent of it working...

    Brandon Sanderson

    Could that work? Yes... you could make that work. There is some trouble with moving some Aons around, so it's gonna depend on how you're building and things, but you can make that work.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #975 Copy

    Questioner

    So, about Feruchemy. If someone takes, for example, a copper metalmind, fills it with memories, and then a tin metalmind, fills it with senses, then melts them together into a bronze metalmind, would you be able to tap anything from it, and what?

    Brandon Sanderson

    If you made an alloy of them, you would not get anything out of them. You would know there's Investiture in there, but you wouldn't be able to pull it out. 

    Questioner

    Even if it's your own?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Even if it's your own, yup. They would interfere with each other to the point that you wouldn't be able to get anything out. Sorry.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #976 Copy

    Questioner

    First of all, did Mormonism play a role in building the Cosmere at all?

    Brandon Sanderson

    It certainly did... Not really a conscious one, but my faith really influences who I am. Like, one of the big tenets of my religion is this idea that we're all gods in embryo that are then growing up to be like our Father. And so you can see in the Cosmere, it's really about the power of God given to men and what they do with it and how it kinda messes things up if it's not done right. I think that's probably deeply influenced by my religion. 

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #977 Copy

    Questioner

    What is your favorite relationship between two characters?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Favorite relationship? Oh boy... Adolin and Kaladin. That was a lot of fun to write, because they're such different people, but they're really good for one another.

    ICon 2019 ()
    #987 Copy

    Doombrigade (paraphrased)

    If an individual has a mental sickness, such as multiple personalities, can that affect a Shard's intent if picked up by him or her?

    Brandon Sanderson (paraphrased)

    Yes, that is possible.

    Doombrigade (paraphrased)

    Is it possible that Autonomy is one such, and has multiple personalities?

    Brandon Sanderson (paraphrased)

    RAFO.

    ICon 2019 ()
    #988 Copy

    Doombrigade (paraphrased)

    I noticed most of the Unmade have a Middle Eastern mythology inspiration, and could pair them with deities, but I couldn't find a fit for two: Yelig-nar and Ba-Ado-Mishram. Could you tell us their names' origin?

    Brandon Sanderson (paraphrased)

    Those two are actully not Middle Eastern but actually inspired by Lovecraft.

    ICon 2019 ()
    #989 Copy

    yahel26 (paraphrased)

    Since the gemstones on Shardblades seems to be infused with Stormlight, could a Surgebinder draw that Stormlight and use it?

    Brandon Sanderson (paraphrased)

    No he couldn't. You see, that Stormlight is the Shardbearer's life energy, you wouldn't be able to draw it just like I can't draw your life energy from you. If you were to extract that gemstone from the Shardblade it is possible.

    yahel26 (paraphrased)

    But then the gemstone would go dark.

    Brandon Sanderson (paraphrased)

    Exactly.

    ICon 2019 ()
    #990 Copy

    yahel26 (paraphrased)

    What would happen if an Elantrian burned or flared aluminium? Would they become Reod or a normal person? Or something else?

    Brandon Sanderson (paraphrased)

    Like if they got Allomantic powers?

    yahel26 (paraphrased)

    Yeah, like a lerasium [bead] or something.

    Brandon Sanderson (paraphrased)

    Okay, yeah, I'm gonna say RAFO, I knew this one was coming.

    ICon 2019 ()
    #992 Copy

    Inhorman (paraphrased)

    Can you Awaken a complex mechanism in a way that it will work by itself?

    Brandon Sanderson (paraphrased)

    I didn't understand the question.

    Inhorman (paraphrased)

    Like Awakening a gun so it'll shoot by itself.

    Brandon Sanderson (paraphrased)

    It's very hard since you need lots of Breath but theoretically it's possible.

    ICon 2019 ()
    #994 Copy

    LiftIRL (paraphrased)

    Which part of the two in Dalinar's oath in the end of book three - y'know, "I will take responsibility [...] If I must fall I will rise each time a better man" - would you say encompasses the Third Ideal of the Bondsmiths best? The neutral version of it, what would it be?

    Brandon Sanderson (paraphrased)

    *he thought a bit, hummed* It would be about the second part, mainly about getting better - I will rise each time a better man.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #995 Copy

    Questioner

    When are you gonna finish the Scribbler [The Rithmatist] - and just by the way I'm a huge fan, and like all of your books are amazing.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Thank you so much!

    Uh, so Scribbler we will probably finish... eventually but I don't have a specific date. It's a side project, it has to squeeze in between the other books. When I feel a little ahead on something, that's when we'll see me doing it.

    Questioner

    Is that how you work? Just whenever you have strength you just...

    Brandon Sanderson

    Well, normally I'm very good at planning all of what I'm writing and the books that are coming, but side projects like that... like, I will finish Stormlight 4, I'll write Wax and Wayne 4 and I'll write Skyward 3, and then we'll see if I have time right then, and if I do I'll slide in a side project and if not I have to go straight to Stormlight 5. So like, Stormlight, Mistborn, Skyward right now are the things I have to have deadline on and be regular. Side projects is whenever the time happens.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #996 Copy

    Nextorl

    In Elantris, we know the Shards Aona and Skai influenced the large religions, Shu-Korath and Shu-Dereth. When Odium came to Elantris to shatter... to Splinter them, did he make the [Jeskeri] Mysteries cult?

    Brandon Sanderson

    [...]

    Oh, the Mysteries, the Jeskeri Mysteries? I'll RAFO that for now.

    Tel Aviv Signing ()
    #997 Copy

    Nextorl

    My question is about Bavadin. Is she a hive mind?

    Brandon Sanderson

    No, hive mind isn't the right word for it, but...

    Nextorl

    So she's not an Aimian or something like that...

    Brandon Sanderson

    She's not an Aimian. That's - that's a good question. No, she is not.

    ICon 2019 ()
    #998 Copy

    Brandon Sanderson

    The linguistics there, with the... for the Aonic... so, I had a couple of inspirations there. By the time I was writing this book, I was looking to do a little bit more interesting linguistics, I was looking to explore linguistics, and I like that one of the ideas I had is... I'm a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Letter-day Saints - Mormon - and I served a two year mission in Korea. While I was in Korea, I fell in love with the relationship between the Korean language and the Chinese language.

    If you're not familiar with how that is, in a lot of Asia, Chinese was the writing system for years. For centuries, people wrote in Chinese, even if they didn't speak Chinese, because Chinese is a logographic language, it's not phonetic. When you write the character, the <Hànzì>, you can pronounce it in any language. It can be written... read in any language - we can read them in English, you can read them in Hebrew. They just mean a concept, it's like hieroglyphics, right?

    But what this means is, it's really hard to learn to write, because you just have to memorize every symbol and they're very complex, very intricate. So, around... I think it's 1400, someone will have to look that up to make sure, but... the king Sejong of the Korean people, who is remembered as their favorite king, he came in and said "My people are illiterate because Chinese is just too hard to learn. We aren't Chinese, we don't speak Chinese, we're trying to use their writing system for our language. Let's develop an alphabet."

    They got a bunch of scholars together and they built an alphabet by which you can write Chinese in Korean, in an alphabet that's a Korean alphabet. It's really fascinating linguistically, because they create Chinese characters that are phonetic to take the place of Chinese characters in their language and then surround them with grammar only in Korean. So, you have like "Chinese character, Chinese character, Korean grammar... Chinese character, Chinese character, Korean grammar..." and you could replace those characters with Korean ones if you want, or you could just leave the Chinese - really cool.

    I wanted to develop a language that had these symbols that would also have... that were from an old language... that would then have grammar around them in another language. It was really interesting to me and that's where the Aons came from, this kind of language that predates their culture, predates their linguistics in Arelon. And that they have developed alongside and that they use in their writing system... and if you were to read Aonic, you would see these big Aons and then little Aonic text between them that is bridging all these ideas together with actual linguistics.

    So, the Aons I wanted to stand out, I wanted to... when you read them in English to be able to say... and I experimented with making them all caps and it just looked really weird, but that that would be the way that... then you would have to have "RAO" and "den", "RAO" would always be in caps and "den" and readers had real troubles with that. It just read... it looks like you're screaming, right? So, people would read the name *loud* RAO- *speaking normally again* den, *laughter from audience* which is not what I wanted to say.

    So I went back, but I still wanted these... So, I used the two long vowels sounds. Whenever you hit a name, they're all gonna have two long vowel sounds in them that are stressed and then an unstressed Aonic portion pushed onto it. So it's /ˈɹeɪ.ˈʊ.dɛn/ [Raoden], where you've got a-o, and you've got /iːniː/ [Ene], /sɑː.ˈɹiː.ˌniː/ [Sarene], and things like that. And even Elantris... I say /e.ˈlɑːn.tɹɪs/ [Elantris], they would say /ˈiː.leɪn.tɹɪs/ [Elantris], and things like that.

    I built this just, like, have... I love it, when in fantasy, the form and the function meld together, so that what you're putting on the page actually enhances in all ways the culture and the magic together, but it did make for a difficult reading experience. My first review I ever got for Elantris [...] My first review that ever came in was "This book is great, but the names are terrible. Brandon Sanderson can't name anything. Keep him away from naming things, because the first book he published might be the most linguistically challenging, let's just say."

    ICon 2019 ()
    #999 Copy

    Brandon Sanderson

    So, what's going on here is that when I was writing Elantris... number one, Elantris is my only book that I wrote not knowing if it would get published. For those who don't know, Elantris is my sixth novel and I wrote thirteen before I sold it. And so, I was finishing my thirteenth unpublished novel when Elantris finally sold and so Mistborn is number fourteen. I didn't publish any of those other ones.

    So, Elantris was the only book that I wrote without a professional team behind me. And even those early Mistborn books, I did have assistants and things... For instance, I now have a team of fifteen people that work for me, of which nine are full-time. The Brandon Sanderson business is... we take this very seriously and I have two full-time editors who work on my staff in addition to my editors at the publishers.

    When I wrote Elantris, I didn't have that whole team backing me, it was just me. So, when we did the tenth anniversary edition, I said, "Let's look and see if people can actually walk in the time I say to the places I say. Let's make sure you can actually see the things they say you should be able to see". And lo and behold, they're like "You say he looks out of his window and sees Elantris, but you put his house over here and there's stuff in the way" and things like this. This is the sort of stuff that, as a writer, it's just really hard to do without a team specifically looking to ask "Can a person walk to... this distance?" and things like that.

    Now that I have those resources, I was able to just update it. All the changes to Elantris, none of them change the story, but all of them were meant for these reasons: People can't actually walk this distance or it takes them too long. Like, it would take fifteen minutes, you say it takes an hour... what happened? It's just easier to say "No, it took fifteen minutes", right, and stuff like that. So, those are what the updates were mostly.

    With me adding the scene - I don't know if you guys put in the bonus scene - *affirmative from the interviewer* the bonus Hoid scene in the back, which... the story of Hoid, if you don't know, is... he's the character that connects all the Cosmere. When I first started writing, Elantris was the first book ever I put him in and then he appeared in Dragonsteel, which is an unpublished novel, and in White Sand and in Aether of Night, but just little, tiny cameos.

    My feeling was - early on - that people wouldn't put up with this <false> behind the scenes continuity. I thought it would scare people off of the series and things like that. I don't want someone to pick up Elantris and be like "Oh, to understand Elantris, I have to read all of that". I just wanted them to be able to enjoy Elantris, but I found out very quickly: fans, number one, loved it. They weren't intimidated by it. Plus, the MCU [Marvel Cinematic Universe] has done way more of that, right? *laughter from audience* When I started, the MCU wasn't out yet. People were not used to, you know, dealing with continuity between different series and things like that on the level they're willing to now. But I found that, even with the early books, there were at least people like "No, you can trust us more, you can give us more of this. It won't turn us off to the books if we know that Hoid is around" and so, I've started... like, you know, I wrote into Elantris a little bit more Hoid for a bonus scene at the end, stuff like that.

    ICon 2019 ()
    #1000 Copy

    Brandon Sanderson

    I will speak up... I do like the American cover. Some people don't and I can understand... there's like... a lot of people who don't like it say that it looks too sci-fi. And Stephan Martinière was a concept artist for science fiction movies and the book, the cover feels too sci-fi for a lot of people.