Recent entries

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14101 Copy

    Questioner

    As your characters have evolved and grown, as we've seen in different books-- We've also seen, like with your character Wayne, kind of the sense of humor inside of the characters changed, and with him we've kind of seen this-- I guess, uh, kind of more seedy and base sense of humor with him, which in some ways made him more lovable and more of a favorite sense of humor. But like with kids, I've kind of been like-- worried a little bit.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah Wayne is…

    Questioner

    --with the age level and I'm wondering if we're going to see more characters like that grow in as we're looking at Mistborn Era 2 and 3 coming out, and if so, do I need to be more concerned, or is it really gonna be, or is it… what methods, do we need some rating system.

    Brandon Sanderson

    *amused* Rating system… *laughter*

    Questioner

    *audio obscured*

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, I would say that this is more, "I write the character that fits the situation" rather than any sort of an evolution on my part of this, so… I don't know. I will… really, I would leave that to other people. This is kind of one of those weird things where, like, I will both get on the same day, sometimes, e-mails from someone who's like "how can you be so crude in your books, I thought your books were supposed to be family-friendly" followed by "why won't you address adult topics in your books *laughter* why do they all feel so children-esque, child-esque", and I would assume that those are the types of e-mails that everyone gets, even George RR Martin. *laughter* "When are you gonna get to some real adult themes, George?" I'm sure there's someone who's sent that e-mail to him. Um, yeah, I write the books, you know, I have… I'm certainly not as interested as some authors in digging into the more... quote-unquote "explicit content", but at some points there are characters like Wayne where I'm like, "you know, I need to write this character who they would be", and I can have them dance around the worlds-- words to obstinate *laughs* that was not an intentional slip! Dance around the words to obfuscate things and stuff like that, but if I don't let Wayne say some of the things he wants to say, then I'm not being true to that character in the same way I wouldn't be being true to Dalinar if I didn't let him, you know, be the strictly "I follow the rules" type person that he's become, because both of those types of people exist in the world.

    Um, your specific question on Era 3 of Mistborn, um, is… I don't anticipate a Wayne-like character, but who knows? Right, Era 3 right now is kind-of focused on two Terris people, the main character and her brother, and she's a computer programmer in the early days of computer programming, and--

    Bystander

    Fortran.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, like a Fortran programmer or something like that… And, you know, it's going to be-- Her story will be a little bit more geek-culture-ish and things like that. You'll have very fun with the artwork in those, let's just say that.

    I can't promise you one way or the other what I'm going to do, so I think what you're-- what you should be doing is reading them yourself and then deciding for yourself with whom you will share the books.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14103 Copy

    Questioner

    Are there any detrimental side effects to worldhopping, and if so, have we seen/read it in any of your books?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Uh, it depends on what method you're using to worldhop.

    Moderator

    And the second half of that question?

    Brandon Sanderson

    And the second part of that is RAFO. *laughter*

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14104 Copy

    Questioner

    I know the whole, like, "all those characters are your children" type of thing, but is there a favorite one of yours, from your writing and/or how the character is played out.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Um, I-- You know-- Robert Jordan always said, "It's whoever I'm writing at the moment", which I've stolen wholesale and said that a lot of times. If I'm pressed, I'll usually pick Dalinar, just 'cause he was one of the first, but that doesn't do it justice, because you really do need to-- when whoever you're writing needs to be your favorite at the time.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14105 Copy

    Questioner

    I get it that sometimes writers have organic process when they're writing sometime, they start on one thing and end on something else. Is there a particular character, situation where you started that as you were writing it, it kind of evolved on its own, and really kind of surprised you. If you don't mind, could you tell us about it?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So… there are always things when you're writing that evolve beyond what you expect them to be, and it happens even to the most strict of outliners. And I do, even as I usually call myself an outliner, say that you shouldn't be too strict on outlining. Just because the more--

    What happens with the writers, the more you steep yourself in your story, the more your subconscious will start to make connections and the more your skill as a writer will start to-- Um-- Start to take over? It's hard to explain in a lot of ways, but it's similar in-- Honestly, like hitting a baseball, right? Where you, when you're practicing, you can be very conscious about it. "Alright, here's how my stance should be, here's what I'm doing wrong, let's work on that consciously". But in the moment when you're, like, swinging at the ball in the game, most of that's out of your head and you're just letting instinct go. The planning is all of that sort of stuff beforehand that you do, like a baseball player, and then the writing often involves a lot more of the "just swinging", and then the revision goes back to a lot more conscious, if that makes sense as an explanation. And so as you're going, a lot of times the instincts start going somewhere, and you'll get this chapter and say "Ehhh, something's wrong with this", or "Oh, this is a better path, let's go look at my outline and see what needs to be rebuilt."

    Um, some examples of this, if I can give them… uh, well, I mean, I write the Alcatraz books completely just as free-written books, but in books you've read, for instance, Spook's story in Hero of Ages was not in the original outline. Um, you know, what happened to him and things like that in Well of Ascension was, and then I was like, um, I want to take this character further and I feel like I need more to this story, I'm missing something and Spook's story is where I started taking that. So that was a more natural, uh, sort of outgrowth of the storytelling. But that happens in every book, there are certain things that'll-- that go off target a little bit and turn out to be better. Yeah, there's a target that you're at that your subconscious is shooting for that your conscious doesn't know about yet. Yeah, it happens every book.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14106 Copy

    Questioner

    In Nalthis, when is Breath first bestowed upon a person?

    Brandon Sanderson

    When is Breath first bestowed? Um, so I went-- Oh, so you're getting at this sort of-- I got it. *laughter/pauses* So, are you saying is it at birth or conception?

    Questioner

    Pretty much. I'm just wondering *audio obscured by laughter*

    Brandon Sanderson

    …What's that?

    Questioner

    I'm wondering if mothers have autonomy over their own bodies when it comes to Breath?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes. Uh, I'm going to go ahead and RAFO that one for-- Let's just let it-- Let's let-- Let's let the fanbase discuss that one and come to their own decisions.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14107 Copy

    Questioner

    Was the other god in Scadrial, Trell or whatnot, they're kind of mentioning him, does that imply there other really powerful beings out there outside of the Shards?

    Brandon Sanderson

    There are possibly really powerful beings, but… how should we say… *long pause* I mean, there are those who would call Hoid a very powerful being, who exist outside Shards, but if you're talking deific level things in the cosmere, they're all related to the Shards… Or demigod level.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14109 Copy

    Questioner

    A dullform listener is indoors when the Everstorm passes over, will they be transformed into a Voidform?

    Brandon Sanderson

    No. It depends on the strength of the boundary between them, but it is possible for them-- And also being transformed, taking new forms is-- There is a measure of will behind it, meaning-- For instance, even when Eshonai took the new form, she had herself open to taking a new form. By the time she didn't want to, it was too late. But she had made the decision, even though she'd been kind of misled in some ways. If a parshmen were in-- even in the Everstorm, and aggressively didn't want this to happen, I'm not saying it won't, but I'm saying there is room for discussion of whether or not they would change there. But also one who does want to, and is-- there's only a little pane of glass and things like that, then-- Yeah.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14110 Copy

    Questioner

    In the original Mistborn series, when Leras plans the 1 in 16 Snapping, was he not aware of chromium and nicrosil? Or--

    Brandon Sanderson

    He was aware that they would not be aware of and were not aware of it. He was using the kind of vague ability in some of the cosmere magics to read possibilities on the future. He was also already not completely there when he was building this.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14111 Copy

    Questioner

    If a kandra where to get the bones of a Dakhor monk, would they get the Dakhor monk's abilities?

    Brandon Sanderson

    If a kandra got a hold of the bones of a Dahkor monk, yeah, would they get the abilities… It would take more than just the bones, but that would be a big part of it.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14112 Copy

    Questioner

    Just in the cosmere alone, are there any--Do you believe there are any specific magic systems that are stronger than the others, or have an advantage? Or do they kind of even out?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh, do-- Yeah. Do any of the magics have advantages or stronger-- Definitely some are stronger than others. Definitely. There is no attempt made on my part to power balance between magic systems and things. Power balancing is for RPGs where it's very important, it's not for storytelling.

    A lot of people like to ask the "Who would win, X or Y?" sort of thing, and I don't get into a lot of that, I usually say, "Well, what's the situation?" I'm not big on the-- I will, if people clash, or if different powers clash, I will write the situation, but it's so conditional. So I have a hard time with these cage match things that people really like to do and things like that, because they're fun, but as an author I'm like, "I can come up with a dozen situations where either one of them wins or someone else does". Right? That's what you do, in writing. You say, what is the context of this?

    But that's a tangent from your question, which is the powers are not equal. The Shards were generally equal. Some have given up more power than others.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14113 Copy

    Questioner

    So in Words of Radiance, when Hoid has-- switches places with the carriage driver, who was mentioned as having a hat and a strange accent - is that carriage driver important?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Hehehehe… That's a-- I'll leave this one to you. It's a RAFO, but it's not a big RAFO.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14115 Copy

    Questioner

    You recently said that dragons in the cosmere can take the form of humans.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    Questioner

    A kandra from Mistborn can do something very similar. Is there a meaningful connection between what the dragons and kandra can do?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Noooo, except for on fundamental cosmere rules stuff, but that's-- I would say no, in the same way that if you're like, "Is there any similarity between the way that bats fly and birds fly?" Well, there is some similarity 'cause-- But there is [convergent] evolution and stuff like that.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14116 Copy

    Questioner

    In the Letter, in The Way of Kings in all the epigraphs. It was mentioned that the author of the Letter was accused of perpetuating grudges regarding Rayse and Bavadin.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    Questioner

    That being said, are there any Vessels or Shards i.e. Bavadin, sympathetic towards Rayse's cause?

    Brandon Sanderson

    There are some who are more li-- more willing to go along with it than others, yes.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14117 Copy

    Questioner

    You have, like you said, thousands of years of history--mostly I'm talking about Stormlight Archives--you have, you know, Radiants have done this, and Heralds have done this, you have in some ways figured out what happened and what's going to happen with that stuff. And you have a, at least I think, friend/author Patrick Rothfuss who also has kind of this mythos of stuff that happened many, many years ago, have you guys ever talked to make sure you're not going to do the same cool thing?

    Brandon Sanderson

    You know we-- *laughter* Good question. No I haven't ever asked him about that. We haven't spent a lot of time-- Like the only thing I ever remember talking to Pat with-- about world-building wise was magic and his magic and things like that. I was really interested in sympathetic magic also, Warbreaker has an element to it. I really liked how he did his sympathetic magic in Kingkiller. But when I get together with Pat I try not to ask the questions that I know the fans are asking him a lot, I try to be somebody who's a colleague that we can talk about other sorts of things to give him a break from that. I never ask him when the next book will be out *laughter* That's your job not mine. I ask him how his kid is, and I ask him how has it been working with DAW lately, are there any frustrations for you in the business, and that sort of stuff. The stuff he can't talk with other people about. He can talk about his kids but he can't really talk about publisher stuff with a lot of other people.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14118 Copy

    Questioner

    In Awakening an object when you give it the sort of Command like, go get the keys, or something. How does that object perceive the world around it? Since it doesn't have standard human senses, how does it see? How does it touch?

    Brandon Sanderson

    It is not--

    Moderator

    Repeat the question.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh… go ahead.

    Moderator

    The question was, how do Awakened objects actually perceive the world.

    Brandon Sanderson

    …The closest correlation you have to this is how Inquisitors see.

    Questioner

    Okay, following up on that say, someone who has-- say someone with bronze who-- a bronze Misting managed to somehow get access to Breath and Awaken would he then be able to tell that object "Hey I sense this Allomancer over there, can you find it".

    Brandon Sanderson

    That is not outside the realm of possibility.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14119 Copy

    KalynaAnne

    In The Rithmatist you previously confirmed that Lines of Vigor behave a lot like light waves.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Mmhmm.

    KalynaAnne

    So if two lines of vigor collide do we have wave interference patterns? Does it matter if--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, I am planning some wave interference patterns and things like that, definitely.

    KalynaAnne

    Does it matter if they come from the same Rithmatist?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Eh... It should not, no.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14121 Copy

    Questioner

    Question about Hoid--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Okay. RAFO. *laughter* No, no, go ahead…

    Questioner

    When Hoid said that Ivory wasn't capable of harming him, is that related to his stated difficulty in harming others?

    Brandon Sanderson

    RAFO.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14122 Copy

    Questioner

    Spren. The phenomenon that creates spren. Is that Roshar-specific or is that a general effect?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Well, yes and no. So the question is, the effect that creates spren, is that Roshar-specific or is it general. The general fundamental rules that create spren are cosmere-wide. Spren are pieces of Investiture, usually pieces of Investiture that come straight from one of the Shards of Adonalsium, split off in some way, that because of human or other sapient creatures thinking about it or interacting with the power, the power starts to take on a life of its own. Develops personalities and comes alive, so to speak. And this can happen on any pla-- in any place where there is Investiture. So it could happen on any planet in the cosmere with significant amounts of free Investiture. The places you've seen this happen most commonly are on Sel and Scadri-- err Roshar. You haven't seen it on Scadrial, and you've seen little kind of hints at it on Nalthis, but not quite. And so-- But it's possible for it to happen anywhere. Seons and spren are basically the same thing with different powers-- powers kind of pushing them in different-- growth out of them-- That said, the non-sapient spren, so the spren that are not quite as-- They're not going to stand up and talk to you. Those all existed-- not all, but most of them existed on Roshar before the Shattering of Adonalsium.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14123 Copy

    Questioner

    Did the Lord Ruler create the lerasium that he gave to the ten foreign kings? Or where they put there by Leras--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh, good question… No one's asked me that before, I don't believe. Did the Lord Ruler create the lerasium that he gave-- No, he found the lerasium. It was existent before his Ascension.

    Questioner

    Can I ask if it was placed there intentionally by Leras or did it sort of grow similar to how atium--

    Brandon Sanderson

    The Lord Ruler-- It was not placed for him, he had to-- he had to get it.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14124 Copy

    Questioner

    What was the reasoning behind there being many, many years between different stories in the different parts the cosmere, like the huge gap between… Warbreaker and Way of Kings. Like why is--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, why are there some huge gaps in the length of the cosmere. There's-- I want the cosmere to be more than just a little blip of time. The concept for the cosmere was never something, to me, like the Avengers for instance. Which a lot of people kind of view it that way, particularly because the Marvel movies have been so big, and that's good. But it's not like all these concurrent stories with the same characters converging. That's not how I have ever planned it. Now there are certain people who are functionally immortal or close to it that will be involved in things across time, but this is-- I'm telling an epic story, right? And I knew we needed thousands of years between some of the events. For instance, Roshar, we start in the Prelude at 4500 years or whatever before the book starts. It's like, if I didn't have some big gaps, then what are all the stories that are happening in between? It feels illogical and false to me to have all the stories happen in a short time period. Now as certain part of the magic allow more communication and connection, then we will have to, by nature, kind of accelerate some of those things. But I feel like if I spent, you know, ten thousand years or whatever, and only had all the stories happen in the last 50, it would feel really weird. So that’s why.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14125 Copy

    Questioner

    So I noticed in Mistborn Era 1, there-- the head guard of the Venture House was a man named Felt.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes. Well… yeah.

    Questioner

    He was in the guards.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah.

    Questioner

    There's also a character in Words of Radiance--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes!

    Questioner

    --a scout called Felt. Is that the same person?

    Brandon Sanderson

    It is the same person. *audience murmurs/laughs*

    Moderator

    You didn't repeat that one.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Is the Felt from Mistborn the same as the Felt from Stormlight. Yes it is.

    That's one of the two things I can remember surprising Peter. Which was, when he's like, "This name is kind of interesting. It's kind of different. You sure you want to use this? Shouldn't he have more of a Vorin name?" I'm like, "Go read back in Mistborn." He's like "OH!" *laughter* I'm always happy when I surprise Peter, because-- The other big one that surprised Peter was when I put Vasher into Stormlight, right? He's like, "Huh... Vasher-- Vasher is in Stormlight?" And I'm like, "Go read Way of Kings Prime." Which he had read, which is the Way of Kings I wrote in 2002, where lo and behold Kaladin's swordmaster is Vasher, named Vasher at that point. He hadn't realized that I had written Warbreaker after as a exploration of this character who'd already been in The Stormlight Archive. Those are the two things I can remember Peter not catching about the cosmere. He gets most everything but those two surprised him.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14126 Copy

    Questioner

    When a Parshendi changes forms, are they taking different spren into their gemhearts?

    Brandon Sanderson

    When a Parshendi changes forms, they are carefully entering into a symbiotic relationship with a new spren.

    Questioner

    But-- *audience laughter*

    Brandon Sanderson

    That's the answer you're going to get. That's a RAFO.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14127 Copy

    Questioner

    What happens to the spren the Parshendi bond when they switch form? So say if they're in soldier form, and they switch over to mate, what happens to that spren?

    Brandon Sanderson

    The spren is released.

    Questioner

    So when they took on void, they didn't kill their previous spren?

    Brandon Sanderson

    No, they don't kill when they-- No. That's a good question. Nope.

    Questioner

    Do those spren evolve in any way into something else?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Those spren that they are bonding with are generally what we call non-sapient spren, and so, no, and also the spren are barely aware that they-- they're bonded--- those spren, the non-voidspren, right? Like when they're bonding, generally what's happening is how... It's a symbiotic relationship, right? And the spren that gets bonded to them, it's just kind of like, "Oh, this is my life now! This is just normal. This is what's happened." The same thing happens with spren involved in greatshells and things like this. This is a natural part of the natural cycle for those spren.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14128 Copy

    Questioner

    Is the reason Dalinar rejects the Thrill because he has a connection to Honor through his visions from the Stormfather?

    Brandon Sanderson

    …Is the reason that Dalinar rejects the Thrill because he has a connection to the Stormfather through his visions?

    Questioner

    Yes.

    Brandon Sanderson

    The answer is yes, this is parti-- this is in play. Though you could say the two of them have a si-- The reason he has a connection to the Stormfather also influences the reason that he rejects the Thrill, so it may be more correlation than causation, but there's at least a little causation as well.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14129 Copy

    PallonianFire

    As of Secret History, are the Ire aware of Feruchemical chromium?

    Brandon Sanderson

    As of Secret History, are the Ire aware of chromium. Not as fully aware-- They don't know everything.

    PallonianFire

    …The Spiritual Feruchemical metals, where we obviously have Invesiture, Identity, Connection and Fortune. Are all four of those cosmere-wide things?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So a lot of things-- The short answer is yes. The long answer is, there are certain things such as Investiture or whatnot, that when we write the books we translate different words as the same word because they're the same meaning, right? So what you're getting it is when they use the word "fortune", do they mean exactly what the Feruchemical-- and the answer is no. But it is a very similar concept.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #14130 Copy

    Questioner

    I have a question in regards to the soulstamps… When Shai is creating it she blows flakes off of it. Are those flakes able to be enchanted and do they have any power?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Do the flakes that Shai blows off the front of the soulstamp have any hidden power? The answer is, no. I'm sorry, nice theory. The blowing off is actually just related directly to my experience. Soulstamps come from--

    I lived in Korea for two years as a Mormon missionary, and then I went back to Taiwan to visit because there's a huge Brandon Sanderson fan base in Taiwan. For those who don't know, what happened is the publisher who got The Emperor's Sou-- No, no, the publisher who got Mistborn in Taiwan, published it the same month or so that Hunger Games came out, and everyone who was looking for-- read The Hunger Games wanted something like it ended up buying Mistborn. So actually-- *laughter* It's one of those things over here, like The Maze Runner or one of these other YA dystopians are what took off in the kind of halo of The Hunger Games. Over there, Mistborn was in the halo of The Hunger Games. It actually sold about as well in Taiwan which is-- So we just sold tons of copies in Taiwan. So I went back and it was really fun-- by the way you can go to my timeline on Facebook and whatever, and here, people like to ask questions. A lot of the superfans like to have a question and things like that. There, the superfans like to get pictures. And so there are like 5,000 pictures of me and teenage schoolgirls *laughter over Brandon* just all over Facebook from that period. But I went and visited the palace museum.

    And anyway, I remembered a time in Korea where I'd seen someone carving these and he would do a little of this and blow it off, do a little bit and blow it off. Kind of the old-school carver. Now most days it's actually-- they're actually made by machines. You load in a design, you lock in your little tojong into the machine, and it goes and it will carve it out to look like the little computer design. But you see occasionally old school people carving them hand-- That's why I made it do that, because I'd actually seen someone carving one. There is not supposed to be any hidden magical meaning, other than the fact the stone that they're using is a traditional type of stone, which may or may not have Invested properties.

    Firefight Chicago signing ()
    #14131 Copy

    Kurkistan

    Okay, so I'm contractually obligated to ask about time bubbles one more time.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    Kurkistan

    So what's up with frame of reference for time bubbles; in that obviously if you make a bubble and it's still it's not really still, like time moves differently but--

    Brandon Sanderson

    We deal with that a little bit in Era 2 Book 2 [Shadows of Self], where we talk about the fact that you know-- obviously the bubble is moving with the planet. So they're not-- the frame of reference is not absolute.

    Kurkistan

    Yeah.

    Brandon Sanderson

    And so we talk about sorta' the idea of mass and momentum and time bubbles and things like that.

    Kurkistan

    Okay.

    Brandon Sanderson

    For instance you can make a time bubble on a train.

    Kurkistan

    Oh and it stays on the train?!

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes, but when you start catching stuff off of the train, it's gonna' jar each time, and it's probably going to ruin your time bubble, right?

    Kurkistan

    So does it get it's "anchor" from-- it's asking all the things that are within it what they think "still" is?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes. That's a good way of looking at it. Frame of reference for the Cognitive things around. Make sense?

    Kurkistan

    Okay, the things around or the things within it, specifically?

    Brandon Sanderson

    The things that it's cutting into, specifically, but yeah.

    Firefight Chicago signing ()
    #14132 Copy

    Argent

    Would a parshman who received multiple breaths, or any other type of Investiture, be able to gain sentence or become more like listener-- Kind of like mistwraith/kandra?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That would require some Identity changes and transformations.

    Argent

    So it's not just a dump of--

    Brandon Sanderson

    It's not just a dump. It's a biological thing for them, they've adapted. So they've evolved to the point where this sort of thing-- It would be like trying to power DC with AC current or the wrong voltage or something like that... I mean once you figure it out it could be an easy hack but finding out that hack it's like-- You know it's like going back to people in the 1800's and being like "Why don't you guys have electricity?" *laughter*

    Firefight Chicago signing ()
    #14133 Copy

    Kurkistan

    Could a Feruchemist manipulate their identity such that they could make a metalmind that anyone could tap?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Ah... RAFO.

    Kurkistan

    Okay; could they manipulate their identity such that they could pull Breaths out of something that somebody else Awakened?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Ah... ahahah, Awakened, oh yeah... That one's going to be harder, but you're thinking along-- You're thinking with portals. *smiles* Do you know what that means.

    Kurkistan

    Yes, I know what it means--

    Brandon Sanderson

    You're starting to think with portals.

    Kurkistan

    I'm thinking with portals, okay, thank you.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes. In other words you're wrapping your head around the way that the magic system is working, so.

    Argent

    That's so excellent.

    Firefight Chicago signing ()
    #14134 Copy

    Argent

    Are there power modifiers for Soulstamps like there are for AonDor?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    Argent

    Yes... Does Shai know them-- Or any of them?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Um... Hehehehehe...

    Argent

    Not "has she used them", I'm not going to go there, but does she know any of them?

    Brandon Sanderson

    She knows more than she thinks she does.

    Firefight Chicago signing ()
    #14135 Copy

    Kurkistan

    Is there- have you come up with a Realmatic explanation for why light isn't affected by time bubbles besides handwavium "please don't burn people with microwaves"?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Peter's got one for us. 'Cause we were going to do redshift: like the actual original writing for it had redshifts; Peter's like "Dude, you will microwave everybody" I'm like "Oh man". So the handwavium of that: there is a real- there is an actual explanation, but it...

    *they move to outside the store*

    What's the middle of this question?

    Kurkistan

    Middle of the question was you were thinking about explaining the Realmatics behind light for time bubbles.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh right, right right right right. I can't because it spoils future books; like that's spoiler for Mistborn... 10?

    Kurkistan/Argent

    *laughter*

    Brandon Sanderson

    So... if you count the four Alloys, so really gotta stay away from stuff like that.

    Kurkistan/Argent

    That's fair/fine.

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    Kurkistan

    So you've said that healing is like the Spiritual wants to heal and then it filters through the Cognitive, but how's that work with healing wounds to the soul like Hemalurgy or Shardblades? What do you refer to to heal the soul at that point?

    Brandon Sanderson

    You need to make a patch on the soul with Investiture.

    Kurkistan

    So how's the Investiture know where to go, what to look like?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Well your soul is an ideal. So if you can get it up there, there are ways to do-- to recreate that with um... See I'm getting into stuff for later books.

    Argent

    No, that's okay.

    Kurkistan

    So when Hemalurgy rips something off the soul, is that the ideal soul or some sub-soul?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That is off of your soul, and it can be healed; but what it's going to be doing is creating a patch of new soul. So it will not be your original soul. Does that make sense?

    Kurkistan

    Okay, that- well, not completely, but I think that's your intention.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    Bystander

    If you do that, is that like Frankenstein's monster, or is it like a graft that's absorb--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Less horrifying- Less horrifying than Frankenstein's monster, but it is a graft that is like-- It is not your original soul.

    Bystander

    Yeah, but in modern medicine stuff like that is absorbed-

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, in this you will always have a scar on your soul that something else has patched over.

    Kurkistan

    So Kaladin shouldn't just keep getting his arm chopped?

    Brandon Sanderson

    *ignoring/not-hearing Kurkistan just now* But that is what happens with most forms of Investiture in the first place.

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    Argent

    In terms of timeline-- So The Way of Kings and The Stormlight Archive takes place 1173-74 right now, how far ago, approximately, was the Recreance?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So you-- Let's see-- Heralds leave at what, 4500?

    Argent

    That's what it says.

    Brandon Sanderson

    So the Heralds leave at 4500 and we're at 11--

    Argent

    So we are at 5500 years after--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah. So Recreance is more recent than late.

    Argent

    So... In the thousands--

    Brandon Sanderson

    I'm going to have to pull out the timeline.

    Argent

    But it's not like three hundred years ago.

    Brandon Sanderson

    It's not like three hundred years ago, but it's also not like 4000 years ago.

    Argent

    Okay, so from the middle--

    Brandon Sanderson

    The Hierocracy happened after and the Hierocracy was a couple hundred years ago. It's longer than that even, it's like five or six hundred years ago I think.

    Footnote: Argent makes a small math mistake here, Aharietiem ended 4,500 years before the events of the book, not 4,500 years before the start of the calendar the Alethi use.
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    Questioner

    Are the chasmfiends that we have seen the last stage of their life-cycle?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes, you have seen the last stage of their lifecycle.

    Questioner

    But that's--

    Brandon Sanderson

    You've seen the second and third stages mostly.

    Questioner

    Are you counting the cocoons?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Cocoons are a stage, yes.

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    Kurkistan

    You've said that the the laws of physics in the cosmere are ours except where they're messed with by the Spiritual... But are the laws of physics actually in the Physical Realm all the time, or are they in the Spiritual Realm doing their stuff on a Spiritual level that's trickling down to the Physical as a matter of course?

    Brandon Sanderson

    The three are more closely aligned than-- *Breaks off to focus on the books he's signing, the speaking was distracting him*

    Kurkistan

    So you were saying that physics-- laws of physics-- that the Realms are a lot more closely bound and the laws of physics are not just tied to one of them?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah.

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    Kurkistan

    So for Soulcasting—-I talked a lot about those ideals that a lot of things are based on—-is that also like there's an ideal of stone that when you Soulcast stone if you don't do anything special, it just defaults as that?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes, there will be a default of all of them.

    Kurkistan

    And that's the same exact thing as spren and why the Lord Ruler dies of old age and all that stuff?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That is-- Yes, that's the same sort of concept. Yes.

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    Argent

    At one point Syl turns into a hammer when Kaladin fights Szeth. Are there any actual advantages to a Shardhammer over a Shardblade or knife?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Very minimal. It has mostly to do with a-- How much thrust or swing or things you can get to it. The impact of blade or weapon against armor is not going to be-- The hammer could in some ways get more leverage. But it's not that the impact is going to do--

    Kurkistan

    So it didn't help against Szeth.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah.

    Argent

    It was like the flow of the fight was-- Syl turned--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

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    Kurkistan

    So time bubbles... How much control does a bubbler have over the bubble before and after it's cast? Can they just grow and shrink it or...

    Brandon Sanderson

    Not very much.

    Kurkistan

    So Wayne could flare his metals make time go faster--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    Kurkistan

    But if he'd stopped flaring--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, but-- they have a bit of control over the speed of it, but once it's up moving it or anything like that, not much. The flaring of it and things like that, yes they can-- it's mostly set when they start.

    Kurkistan

    But they have some discretion when they start it.

    Brandon Sanderson

    They do have some discretion, yes.

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    Argent

    Back in, I think, Words of Radiance I asked you-- Somebody asked the question that had to do with the number 10 on Roshar and I didn't get the question on the recording--which was horrible--but your answer talked about Honor's purposes. Is what you said, and you mentioned 10 of them and that is why the number 10 is so sacred. Could you say something so I have something on the record? So we know what you said about that?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Honor's purposes...

    Argent

    Or Shard's purposes... Like what is that all about?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That will become-- I said it vaguely on purpose.

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    Kurkistan

    Is there-- Can you explain the relationship between Spiritual DNA, Spiritual aspects, and the spiritweb, or are they all just terms for the same thing?

    Brandon Sanderson

    They are all similar terms for the similar stuff, yeah.

    Kurkistan

    Okay. So it's not like the core is Spiritual DNA then things as you spread out is all Spiritual aspect?

    Brandon Sanderson

    No.

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    Questioner

    I know at the end of Words of Radiance Syl shows she can turn into different forms, not just a sword. Why do they not... Or why do none of the other past Radiants really show that they have done that. Because normally in the flashbacks they are shown just being swords.

    Brandon Sanderson

    So the Shardblades came from spren seeing the Honorblades, which were created for mankind, and being like "I can do that". That is what they were imitating.

    Questioner

    So that's what they wanted...

    Brandon Sanderson

    No, that's how they see themselves and how they are seen. They can change into other things...

    Questioner

    They just never...

    Brandon Sanderson

    But when you let go of one it's going to become a sword again.

    Questioner

    Oh, I just meant in all the visions they were always portrayed as swords. Was that just for...

    Brandon Sanderson

    That's cultural, like this is... One thing that is interesting is you are going to see that the new Radiants don't have... I mean the Radiants you have seen almost all of them are after thousands of years of Radiants and Orders and you have certain things that you do.

    So the writing reason was I didn't want to give away...

    Questioner

    That's what I was going to ask.

    Brandon Sanderson

    There is a writing reason behind it. I didn't want to do that and give too much away. I already worried that having Syl shift shapes as often as she did through the first book was going to be a big clue to people and I wanted to hold off on giving away too much.

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    Questioner

    So the first one is Kaladin's backstory, the second is Shallan's backstory, who's next?

    Brandon Sanderson

    I actually haven't been able to decide yet. It's going to be one of the five for the first five books are Kaladin and Shallan and then Dalinar, Szeth, and Eshonai and I can't decide which one matches the next book best. And I'm going to have to write it...

    Argent

    What's the current list for the back five?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Current list for the back five... Jasnah, Lift, Ash, Renarin, and Taln.

    Footnote: Brandon eventually decided to go with Dalinar for Stormlight 3.