Recent entries

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13251 Copy

    Questioner

    This became a question, I thought this had been answered, but kandra can't produce kandra children.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Well, yes they can. You get them some spikes.

    Questioner

    Can the kandra produce human children with consumed parts?

    Brandon Sanderson

    You know, I saw a big thread about this on Reddit and chose not to participate, despite being asked to.

    Questioner

    I thought she said that you did, so…

    Brandon Sanderson

    I gave vague and unuseful answers, and so I'm going to give the same to you. RAFO.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13252 Copy

    Questioner

    I was just wondering if you had any plans for a longer Legion type work.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Plans for a longer Legion type work. The goal was for a long time if I could get a television show off the ground, I would write a novel to accompany it to kind of publicize the show. We sold the rights like two or three times, and no one ever got it off the ground. I still think it's possible someday, but I probably don't envision doing a longer one-- In fact, I'll say, I don't envision doing a longer one right now unless that happens. Though I do envision doing a third story at some point.

    Moderator

    So you would say that Legion is best consumed in forty-four minute blocks?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, I mean, when I came up with the idea, I thought, this would make a great television show, let me write a few episodes.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13254 Copy

    Questioner

    This whole talk of both Roshar and the highstorms, I'm glad that you said they predate the Shattering. There are some people on 17th Shard, myself included, that firmly believe the entire continent is crem that's accumulated, one highstorm at a time.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Good. Let me actually squish that one a little bit because there are mineral deposits that have been mentioned that you have to mine. And crem-- There isactual ferrous iron that you can smelt on Roshar, you have to know how to get to it and things like that, and there are actual gemstone mines and things like that. Much harder to get to and Soulcasting is a stopgap that has helped with this a lot, but there are actual deposits and things like that.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13255 Copy

    Questioner

    Speaking of the Stormfather, would the Nightwatcher and the giant water spren be on the same level of spren as the Stormfather?

    Brandon Sanderson

    ...The Nightwatcher, yes. Um... There are, I would say, a level below the Stormfather and the Nightwatcher who are also much-- a much bigger deal than something like one of the sapient spren, and that's what Cusicesh is.

    Questioner

    So the Nightwatcher is a spren you'd say?

    Brandon Sanderson

    The Nightwatcher-- I mean, they call the Nightwatcher a spren. Everyone in the books thinks the Nightwatcher is a spren. That's what they would call-- that's what they would call, if they knew what Honor was, they would call Honor a spren. A spren is Investiture that is alive.

    Bystander

    Nightblood?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So they would call Nightblood a spren. They would call-- That's the word for what all of these things are. They would probably've called Adonalsium a spren…

    Moderator

    What would Hoid call one of those?

    Brandon Sanderson

    What would Hoid call the Nightwatcher? *laughter* What would Hoid call one of what?

    Moderator

    Yeah what would Hoid call the Nightwatcher?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Um… *long pause/laughter*

    Moderator

    If Hoid were to use a non-proper noun?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Unpleasant names. *laughter*

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13256 Copy

    Questioner

    If the highstorms existed prior to the Shards' arrival, what's the relationship between the highstorms and the Stormfather?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh good question. I was wondering if someone was going to ask that… So, I'll tr-- Let me see… *sighs*

    You know, I'm actually going to RAFO this one. *laughter* And let me tell you why, because I mean, I want to give you some reasons to be interested in the things that Dalinar will be talking about with the Stormfather. So this is a RAFO with an explicit promise that book 3-- These are things that are covered now that we have bonded the Stormfather to a person who can now ask some of these questions. I could totally just tell you now, but where's the fun in that? Read book three.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13257 Copy

    Moderator

    Is there such a thing as… voluntary Hemalurgy?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Voluntary Hemalurgy? Yes.

    Moderator

    ...Where you can give a power to someone through those sorts of means.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Through any means, or through Hemalurgic means?

    Moderator

    Er, explain what you mean by that question. *laughter*

    Brandon Sanderson

    In Nalthis, you are giving up your power voluntarily to someone else.

    Moderator

    Specifically in the context of Scadrial here.

    Brandon Sanderson

    I mean, can you not imagine a person who's like "Yes I am crazy and will give up my power to this…" you know?

    Bystander

    But don't the end results negate?

    Brandon Sanderson

    You can't imagine somebody who would do that? …I am absolutely sure that at some point even in creating Inquisitors there's somebody who would be like, "yes, I will give my life to the Lord Ruler." So, yes?

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13258 Copy

    Questioner

    So for the Old Magic, in this classification system of end-positive, end-neutral, and end-negative, where would that fall under?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So, almost every magic in the cosmere is end-positive, almost every magic is relying upon an external source of Investiture to power it. So that phrasing is mostly more relevant to Scadrial than anywhere else, because that concept is how I'm dealing with things like the laws of thermodynamics, and even what they call end-neutral is relying a little bit on the power of Investiture to facilitate. So even an end-neutral magic system as they define it on Scadrial is actually not end-neutral. What you get put in you get out, but the power is facilitating that transfer… So that phrasing is kind of a... Take that as a science on.. Scadrial that does not extrapolate well, and may not even be 100% accurate.

    Moderator

    That would have been a great thing to know before we did the cosmere magic panel. *laughter*

    Brandon Sanderson

    I look at it as, is an Investiture externally powering the magic, and if you look at Allomancy, yes it is. You are drawing that power out. Feruchemy, you are putting Investiture in from your own body, it's your energy transferring to Investiture, which is being stored, which you are then drawing out, and things like that. But that changing forms is facilitated by the magic. Whereas you're stealing stuff with-- So you could look, for instance at the magic on Nalthis, you could look at that one as being-- as kind of working as end-negative, meaning "I am taking it away from someone else", or end-positive depending on if you're the one receiving it or not. So again, it's a phrasing that can be useful as a tool but doesn't scale well to the other magics.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13259 Copy

    Questioner

    Did the Dawnchant originate on Roshar?

    Brandon Sanderson

    The Dawnchant originate on Roshar? Um, the Dawnchant… Yes… What I won't tell you or not is whether the Dawnchant is an evolution from a different language, but the Dawnchant itself is from Roshar.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13260 Copy

    Questioner

    I get the impression after reading Stormlight 1 and 2 that a lot of what you would consider to be flora, plant-life, is actually something like coral in the ocean which is actually an animal. So is there actually any flora on Roshar outside out of, like, Shinovar?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, yeah, like almost all the things you see as flora are actual flora. Like, rockbuds are flora, trees are flora, shalebark is not, and some of the things like that-- haspers are not, and some of these things are more-- are animal life, are fauna. But grass is actually a flora, and trees.

    Now I mean one of the big adaptations they've had to make is that they have to use crem, so a lot of the trees that you'll find on Roshar, they will be using crem that falls and you use this to create shells, you use this to infuse your bark, they use this in a lot of different ways, the minerals there are very important because they're not getting from the soil what plants on our world get from soil, a lot of them do. You have to get all of your minerals and things basically have to come from the crem.

    Bystander

    Which the farmers already knew.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Which the farmers already knew.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13261 Copy

    Questioner 1

    So you mentioned earlier that a lot of the characters that we see in multiple books are functionally immortal-- that interact between the different stories are functionally immortal. Can we-- But some of them when we saw them in actual just books, before we saw them jumping between worlds, were not functionally immortal at that time. Can we then take that to mean that they somehow became functionally immortal?

    Brandon Sanderson

    You can take that to become that. Now--

    Moderator

    Correctly. There's an implied correctly.

    Brandon Sanderson

    You can correctly. Now here's the distinction. Some of them are not. Some of them are using tricks of *searches for correct word* relativistic time travel to move forward in the future. Some of them are not aging and others are just aging really slowly. And those are three separate things among characters you have actually seen.

    Questioner 2

    And which are which? *laughter*

    Brandon Sanderson

    ...I will give you hints as you read the books.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13262 Copy

    Questioner

    You mentioned the ecology on Roshar, and also you mentioned that mostly the non-sentient spren predate the Shattering of Adonalsium. So my question is about the evolution of life on Roshar, and how essential the highstorms are to life on Roshar, how the plants evolved, so can we assume that life that is dependent on the highstorms predates the Shattering of Adonalsium?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Um… You--

    Questioner

    Can we correctly assume?

    Brandon Sanderson

    --yeah, *laughter* I'll tell you this. The highstorms predate, and there was a lot of natural evolution on Roshar, resulting in a lot of what we have there.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13263 Copy

    Questioner 1

    So, it's been established when Syl transformed for Kaladin that a living Blade can become any weapon, right?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes, based on the perception of the wielder.

    Questioner 1

    Right. So, why is it that there are only dead swords?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That's a good question that will be answered in the future.

    Questioner 2

    Could they make a lightsaber?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Could they make a lightsaber? W-- They could make metal weapons of a similar style to that, so no, we're not talking lightsabers because… Creating plasma is not something that we're looking at.

    Moderator

    But like a bow, for example?

    Brandon Sanderson

    They could create, probably--Well, let's RAFO that one, I'll show you what's going to be happening.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13264 Copy

    Questioner

    Much like in The Wheel of Time where there are false Dragons, are there people on Roshar who are pretending to be Heralds that are not?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Are there people on Roshar who are-- There are definitely lots of people who have claimed to be Heralds who were not.

    Moderator

    You said "have." The question was, are there?

    Brandon Sanderson

    I'm sure there are people around who've-- *laughter* I'm sure you can go to any city in the United States and find someone who claims to be Jesus, right? So yes! Absolutely!

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13265 Copy

    Questioner

    Is there a relationship between the Parshendi and the airships?

    Brandon Sanderson

    The Parshendi and the oh-- Okay. So the relationship is that I assumed when people saw the picture they would think Parshendi, and that was an intentional red herring.

    Moderator

    Or red and black herring.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes, red and black herring. *laughter* We spent a lot of time on that picture, Where I'm like "It has to actually look like the people, but it can't be straight up where people are like 'Oh! This is like what we've seen before here!' " And so we went back and forth on it a lot. That picture took a lot of revision to get right.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13266 Copy

    Questioner

    This actually came out of a panel today. You'd originally said that Nightblood is way more powerful than a regular Shardblade, but at the time that question was asked of you we didn' know about live Shardblades, we only knew about dead Shardblades. So is that still true, now that we know we have at least two--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh he is more powerful than a regular Shardblade. *groaning and laughter* that is 100% still true.

    Moderator

    How does Nightblood compare to a more living Blade?

    Brandon Sanderson

    More living Blade? Hehe, you’re asking the same--

    Moderator

    No I'm asking a different question. *laughter*

    Brandon Sanderson

    Well, let's just RAFO that one.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13267 Copy

    Questioner

    As your characters have evolved and grown, as we've seen in different books-- We've also seen, like with your character Wayne, kind of the sense of humor inside of the characters changed, and with him we've kind of seen this-- I guess, uh, kind of more seedy and base sense of humor with him, which in some ways made him more lovable and more of a favorite sense of humor. But like with kids, I've kind of been like-- worried a little bit.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah Wayne is…

    Questioner

    --with the age level and I'm wondering if we're going to see more characters like that grow in as we're looking at Mistborn Era 2 and 3 coming out, and if so, do I need to be more concerned, or is it really gonna be, or is it… what methods, do we need some rating system.

    Brandon Sanderson

    *amused* Rating system… *laughter*

    Questioner

    *audio obscured*

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, I would say that this is more, "I write the character that fits the situation" rather than any sort of an evolution on my part of this, so… I don't know. I will… really, I would leave that to other people. This is kind of one of those weird things where, like, I will both get on the same day, sometimes, e-mails from someone who's like "how can you be so crude in your books, I thought your books were supposed to be family-friendly" followed by "why won't you address adult topics in your books *laughter* why do they all feel so children-esque, child-esque", and I would assume that those are the types of e-mails that everyone gets, even George RR Martin. *laughter* "When are you gonna get to some real adult themes, George?" I'm sure there's someone who's sent that e-mail to him. Um, yeah, I write the books, you know, I have… I'm certainly not as interested as some authors in digging into the more... quote-unquote "explicit content", but at some points there are characters like Wayne where I'm like, "you know, I need to write this character who they would be", and I can have them dance around the worlds-- words to obstinate *laughs* that was not an intentional slip! Dance around the words to obfuscate things and stuff like that, but if I don't let Wayne say some of the things he wants to say, then I'm not being true to that character in the same way I wouldn't be being true to Dalinar if I didn't let him, you know, be the strictly "I follow the rules" type person that he's become, because both of those types of people exist in the world.

    Um, your specific question on Era 3 of Mistborn, um, is… I don't anticipate a Wayne-like character, but who knows? Right, Era 3 right now is kind-of focused on two Terris people, the main character and her brother, and she's a computer programmer in the early days of computer programming, and--

    Bystander

    Fortran.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, like a Fortran programmer or something like that… And, you know, it's going to be-- Her story will be a little bit more geek-culture-ish and things like that. You'll have very fun with the artwork in those, let's just say that.

    I can't promise you one way or the other what I'm going to do, so I think what you're-- what you should be doing is reading them yourself and then deciding for yourself with whom you will share the books.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13269 Copy

    Questioner

    Are there any detrimental side effects to worldhopping, and if so, have we seen/read it in any of your books?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Uh, it depends on what method you're using to worldhop.

    Moderator

    And the second half of that question?

    Brandon Sanderson

    And the second part of that is RAFO. *laughter*

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13270 Copy

    Questioner

    I know the whole, like, "all those characters are your children" type of thing, but is there a favorite one of yours, from your writing and/or how the character is played out.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Um, I-- You know-- Robert Jordan always said, "It's whoever I'm writing at the moment", which I've stolen wholesale and said that a lot of times. If I'm pressed, I'll usually pick Dalinar, just 'cause he was one of the first, but that doesn't do it justice, because you really do need to-- when whoever you're writing needs to be your favorite at the time.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13271 Copy

    Questioner

    I get it that sometimes writers have organic process when they're writing sometime, they start on one thing and end on something else. Is there a particular character, situation where you started that as you were writing it, it kind of evolved on its own, and really kind of surprised you. If you don't mind, could you tell us about it?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So… there are always things when you're writing that evolve beyond what you expect them to be, and it happens even to the most strict of outliners. And I do, even as I usually call myself an outliner, say that you shouldn't be too strict on outlining. Just because the more--

    What happens with the writers, the more you steep yourself in your story, the more your subconscious will start to make connections and the more your skill as a writer will start to-- Um-- Start to take over? It's hard to explain in a lot of ways, but it's similar in-- Honestly, like hitting a baseball, right? Where you, when you're practicing, you can be very conscious about it. "Alright, here's how my stance should be, here's what I'm doing wrong, let's work on that consciously". But in the moment when you're, like, swinging at the ball in the game, most of that's out of your head and you're just letting instinct go. The planning is all of that sort of stuff beforehand that you do, like a baseball player, and then the writing often involves a lot more of the "just swinging", and then the revision goes back to a lot more conscious, if that makes sense as an explanation. And so as you're going, a lot of times the instincts start going somewhere, and you'll get this chapter and say "Ehhh, something's wrong with this", or "Oh, this is a better path, let's go look at my outline and see what needs to be rebuilt."

    Um, some examples of this, if I can give them… uh, well, I mean, I write the Alcatraz books completely just as free-written books, but in books you've read, for instance, Spook's story in Hero of Ages was not in the original outline. Um, you know, what happened to him and things like that in Well of Ascension was, and then I was like, um, I want to take this character further and I feel like I need more to this story, I'm missing something and Spook's story is where I started taking that. So that was a more natural, uh, sort of outgrowth of the storytelling. But that happens in every book, there are certain things that'll-- that go off target a little bit and turn out to be better. Yeah, there's a target that you're at that your subconscious is shooting for that your conscious doesn't know about yet. Yeah, it happens every book.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13272 Copy

    Questioner

    In Nalthis, when is Breath first bestowed upon a person?

    Brandon Sanderson

    When is Breath first bestowed? Um, so I went-- Oh, so you're getting at this sort of-- I got it. *laughter/pauses* So, are you saying is it at birth or conception?

    Questioner

    Pretty much. I'm just wondering *audio obscured by laughter*

    Brandon Sanderson

    …What's that?

    Questioner

    I'm wondering if mothers have autonomy over their own bodies when it comes to Breath?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes. Uh, I'm going to go ahead and RAFO that one for-- Let's just let it-- Let's let-- Let's let the fanbase discuss that one and come to their own decisions.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13273 Copy

    Questioner

    Was the other god in Scadrial, Trell or whatnot, they're kind of mentioning him, does that imply there other really powerful beings out there outside of the Shards?

    Brandon Sanderson

    There are possibly really powerful beings, but… how should we say… *long pause* I mean, there are those who would call Hoid a very powerful being, who exist outside Shards, but if you're talking deific level things in the cosmere, they're all related to the Shards… Or demigod level.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13275 Copy

    Questioner

    A dullform listener is indoors when the Everstorm passes over, will they be transformed into a Voidform?

    Brandon Sanderson

    No. It depends on the strength of the boundary between them, but it is possible for them-- And also being transformed, taking new forms is-- There is a measure of will behind it, meaning-- For instance, even when Eshonai took the new form, she had herself open to taking a new form. By the time she didn't want to, it was too late. But she had made the decision, even though she'd been kind of misled in some ways. If a parshmen were in-- even in the Everstorm, and aggressively didn't want this to happen, I'm not saying it won't, but I'm saying there is room for discussion of whether or not they would change there. But also one who does want to, and is-- there's only a little pane of glass and things like that, then-- Yeah.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13276 Copy

    Questioner

    In the original Mistborn series, when Leras plans the 1 in 16 Snapping, was he not aware of chromium and nicrosil? Or--

    Brandon Sanderson

    He was aware that they would not be aware of and were not aware of it. He was using the kind of vague ability in some of the cosmere magics to read possibilities on the future. He was also already not completely there when he was building this.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13277 Copy

    Questioner

    If a kandra where to get the bones of a Dakhor monk, would they get the Dakhor monk's abilities?

    Brandon Sanderson

    If a kandra got a hold of the bones of a Dahkor monk, yeah, would they get the abilities… It would take more than just the bones, but that would be a big part of it.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13278 Copy

    Questioner

    Just in the cosmere alone, are there any--Do you believe there are any specific magic systems that are stronger than the others, or have an advantage? Or do they kind of even out?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh, do-- Yeah. Do any of the magics have advantages or stronger-- Definitely some are stronger than others. Definitely. There is no attempt made on my part to power balance between magic systems and things. Power balancing is for RPGs where it's very important, it's not for storytelling.

    A lot of people like to ask the "Who would win, X or Y?" sort of thing, and I don't get into a lot of that, I usually say, "Well, what's the situation?" I'm not big on the-- I will, if people clash, or if different powers clash, I will write the situation, but it's so conditional. So I have a hard time with these cage match things that people really like to do and things like that, because they're fun, but as an author I'm like, "I can come up with a dozen situations where either one of them wins or someone else does". Right? That's what you do, in writing. You say, what is the context of this?

    But that's a tangent from your question, which is the powers are not equal. The Shards were generally equal. Some have given up more power than others.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13279 Copy

    Questioner

    So in Words of Radiance, when Hoid has-- switches places with the carriage driver, who was mentioned as having a hat and a strange accent - is that carriage driver important?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Hehehehe… That's a-- I'll leave this one to you. It's a RAFO, but it's not a big RAFO.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13281 Copy

    Questioner

    You recently said that dragons in the cosmere can take the form of humans.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    Questioner

    A kandra from Mistborn can do something very similar. Is there a meaningful connection between what the dragons and kandra can do?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Noooo, except for on fundamental cosmere rules stuff, but that's-- I would say no, in the same way that if you're like, "Is there any similarity between the way that bats fly and birds fly?" Well, there is some similarity 'cause-- But there is [convergent] evolution and stuff like that.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13282 Copy

    Questioner

    In the Letter, in The Way of Kings in all the epigraphs. It was mentioned that the author of the Letter was accused of perpetuating grudges regarding Rayse and Bavadin.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    Questioner

    That being said, are there any Vessels or Shards i.e. Bavadin, sympathetic towards Rayse's cause?

    Brandon Sanderson

    There are some who are more li-- more willing to go along with it than others, yes.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13283 Copy

    Questioner

    You have, like you said, thousands of years of history--mostly I'm talking about Stormlight Archives--you have, you know, Radiants have done this, and Heralds have done this, you have in some ways figured out what happened and what's going to happen with that stuff. And you have a, at least I think, friend/author Patrick Rothfuss who also has kind of this mythos of stuff that happened many, many years ago, have you guys ever talked to make sure you're not going to do the same cool thing?

    Brandon Sanderson

    You know we-- *laughter* Good question. No I haven't ever asked him about that. We haven't spent a lot of time-- Like the only thing I ever remember talking to Pat with-- about world-building wise was magic and his magic and things like that. I was really interested in sympathetic magic also, Warbreaker has an element to it. I really liked how he did his sympathetic magic in Kingkiller. But when I get together with Pat I try not to ask the questions that I know the fans are asking him a lot, I try to be somebody who's a colleague that we can talk about other sorts of things to give him a break from that. I never ask him when the next book will be out *laughter* That's your job not mine. I ask him how his kid is, and I ask him how has it been working with DAW lately, are there any frustrations for you in the business, and that sort of stuff. The stuff he can't talk with other people about. He can talk about his kids but he can't really talk about publisher stuff with a lot of other people.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13284 Copy

    Questioner

    In Awakening an object when you give it the sort of Command like, go get the keys, or something. How does that object perceive the world around it? Since it doesn't have standard human senses, how does it see? How does it touch?

    Brandon Sanderson

    It is not--

    Moderator

    Repeat the question.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh… go ahead.

    Moderator

    The question was, how do Awakened objects actually perceive the world.

    Brandon Sanderson

    …The closest correlation you have to this is how Inquisitors see.

    Questioner

    Okay, following up on that say, someone who has-- say someone with bronze who-- a bronze Misting managed to somehow get access to Breath and Awaken would he then be able to tell that object "Hey I sense this Allomancer over there, can you find it".

    Brandon Sanderson

    That is not outside the realm of possibility.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13285 Copy

    KalynaAnne

    In The Rithmatist you previously confirmed that Lines of Vigor behave a lot like light waves.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Mmhmm.

    KalynaAnne

    So if two lines of vigor collide do we have wave interference patterns? Does it matter if--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, I am planning some wave interference patterns and things like that, definitely.

    KalynaAnne

    Does it matter if they come from the same Rithmatist?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Eh... It should not, no.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13287 Copy

    Questioner

    Question about Hoid--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Okay. RAFO. *laughter* No, no, go ahead…

    Questioner

    When Hoid said that Ivory wasn't capable of harming him, is that related to his stated difficulty in harming others?

    Brandon Sanderson

    RAFO.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13288 Copy

    Questioner

    Spren. The phenomenon that creates spren. Is that Roshar-specific or is that a general effect?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Well, yes and no. So the question is, the effect that creates spren, is that Roshar-specific or is it general. The general fundamental rules that create spren are cosmere-wide. Spren are pieces of Investiture, usually pieces of Investiture that come straight from one of the Shards of Adonalsium, split off in some way, that because of human or other sapient creatures thinking about it or interacting with the power, the power starts to take on a life of its own. Develops personalities and comes alive, so to speak. And this can happen on any pla-- in any place where there is Investiture. So it could happen on any planet in the cosmere with significant amounts of free Investiture. The places you've seen this happen most commonly are on Sel and Scadri-- err Roshar. You haven't seen it on Scadrial, and you've seen little kind of hints at it on Nalthis, but not quite. And so-- But it's possible for it to happen anywhere. Seons and spren are basically the same thing with different powers-- powers kind of pushing them in different-- growth out of them-- That said, the non-sapient spren, so the spren that are not quite as-- They're not going to stand up and talk to you. Those all existed-- not all, but most of them existed on Roshar before the Shattering of Adonalsium.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
    #13289 Copy

    Questioner

    Did the Lord Ruler create the lerasium that he gave to the ten foreign kings? Or where they put there by Leras--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Oh, good question… No one's asked me that before, I don't believe. Did the Lord Ruler create the lerasium that he gave-- No, he found the lerasium. It was existent before his Ascension.

    Questioner

    Can I ask if it was placed there intentionally by Leras or did it sort of grow similar to how atium--

    Brandon Sanderson

    The Lord Ruler-- It was not placed for him, he had to-- he had to get it.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
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    Questioner

    What was the reasoning behind there being many, many years between different stories in the different parts the cosmere, like the huge gap between… Warbreaker and Way of Kings. Like why is--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah, why are there some huge gaps in the length of the cosmere. There's-- I want the cosmere to be more than just a little blip of time. The concept for the cosmere was never something, to me, like the Avengers for instance. Which a lot of people kind of view it that way, particularly because the Marvel movies have been so big, and that's good. But it's not like all these concurrent stories with the same characters converging. That's not how I have ever planned it. Now there are certain people who are functionally immortal or close to it that will be involved in things across time, but this is-- I'm telling an epic story, right? And I knew we needed thousands of years between some of the events. For instance, Roshar, we start in the Prelude at 4500 years or whatever before the book starts. It's like, if I didn't have some big gaps, then what are all the stories that are happening in between? It feels illogical and false to me to have all the stories happen in a short time period. Now as certain part of the magic allow more communication and connection, then we will have to, by nature, kind of accelerate some of those things. But I feel like if I spent, you know, ten thousand years or whatever, and only had all the stories happen in the last 50, it would feel really weird. So that’s why.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
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    Questioner

    So I noticed in Mistborn Era 1, there-- the head guard of the Venture House was a man named Felt.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes. Well… yeah.

    Questioner

    He was in the guards.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yeah.

    Questioner

    There's also a character in Words of Radiance--

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes!

    Questioner

    --a scout called Felt. Is that the same person?

    Brandon Sanderson

    It is the same person. *audience murmurs/laughs*

    Moderator

    You didn't repeat that one.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Is the Felt from Mistborn the same as the Felt from Stormlight. Yes it is.

    That's one of the two things I can remember surprising Peter. Which was, when he's like, "This name is kind of interesting. It's kind of different. You sure you want to use this? Shouldn't he have more of a Vorin name?" I'm like, "Go read back in Mistborn." He's like "OH!" *laughter* I'm always happy when I surprise Peter, because-- The other big one that surprised Peter was when I put Vasher into Stormlight, right? He's like, "Huh... Vasher-- Vasher is in Stormlight?" And I'm like, "Go read Way of Kings Prime." Which he had read, which is the Way of Kings I wrote in 2002, where lo and behold Kaladin's swordmaster is Vasher, named Vasher at that point. He hadn't realized that I had written Warbreaker after as a exploration of this character who'd already been in The Stormlight Archive. Those are the two things I can remember Peter not catching about the cosmere. He gets most everything but those two surprised him.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
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    Questioner

    When a Parshendi changes forms, are they taking different spren into their gemhearts?

    Brandon Sanderson

    When a Parshendi changes forms, they are carefully entering into a symbiotic relationship with a new spren.

    Questioner

    But-- *audience laughter*

    Brandon Sanderson

    That's the answer you're going to get. That's a RAFO.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
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    Questioner

    What happens to the spren the Parshendi bond when they switch form? So say if they're in soldier form, and they switch over to mate, what happens to that spren?

    Brandon Sanderson

    The spren is released.

    Questioner

    So when they took on void, they didn't kill their previous spren?

    Brandon Sanderson

    No, they don't kill when they-- No. That's a good question. Nope.

    Questioner

    Do those spren evolve in any way into something else?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Those spren that they are bonding with are generally what we call non-sapient spren, and so, no, and also the spren are barely aware that they-- they're bonded--- those spren, the non-voidspren, right? Like when they're bonding, generally what's happening is how... It's a symbiotic relationship, right? And the spren that gets bonded to them, it's just kind of like, "Oh, this is my life now! This is just normal. This is what's happened." The same thing happens with spren involved in greatshells and things like this. This is a natural part of the natural cycle for those spren.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
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    Questioner

    Is the reason Dalinar rejects the Thrill because he has a connection to Honor through his visions from the Stormfather?

    Brandon Sanderson

    …Is the reason that Dalinar rejects the Thrill because he has a connection to the Stormfather through his visions?

    Questioner

    Yes.

    Brandon Sanderson

    The answer is yes, this is parti-- this is in play. Though you could say the two of them have a si-- The reason he has a connection to the Stormfather also influences the reason that he rejects the Thrill, so it may be more correlation than causation, but there's at least a little causation as well.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
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    PallonianFire

    As of Secret History, are the Ire aware of Feruchemical chromium?

    Brandon Sanderson

    As of Secret History, are the Ire aware of chromium. Not as fully aware-- They don't know everything.

    PallonianFire

    …The Spiritual Feruchemical metals, where we obviously have Invesiture, Identity, Connection and Fortune. Are all four of those cosmere-wide things?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So a lot of things-- The short answer is yes. The long answer is, there are certain things such as Investiture or whatnot, that when we write the books we translate different words as the same word because they're the same meaning, right? So what you're getting it is when they use the word "fortune", do they mean exactly what the Feruchemical-- and the answer is no. But it is a very similar concept.

    JordanCon 2016 ()
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    Questioner

    I have a question in regards to the soulstamps… When Shai is creating it she blows flakes off of it. Are those flakes able to be enchanted and do they have any power?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Do the flakes that Shai blows off the front of the soulstamp have any hidden power? The answer is, no. I'm sorry, nice theory. The blowing off is actually just related directly to my experience. Soulstamps come from--

    I lived in Korea for two years as a Mormon missionary, and then I went back to Taiwan to visit because there's a huge Brandon Sanderson fan base in Taiwan. For those who don't know, what happened is the publisher who got The Emperor's Sou-- No, no, the publisher who got Mistborn in Taiwan, published it the same month or so that Hunger Games came out, and everyone who was looking for-- read The Hunger Games wanted something like it ended up buying Mistborn. So actually-- *laughter* It's one of those things over here, like The Maze Runner or one of these other YA dystopians are what took off in the kind of halo of The Hunger Games. Over there, Mistborn was in the halo of The Hunger Games. It actually sold about as well in Taiwan which is-- So we just sold tons of copies in Taiwan. So I went back and it was really fun-- by the way you can go to my timeline on Facebook and whatever, and here, people like to ask questions. A lot of the superfans like to have a question and things like that. There, the superfans like to get pictures. And so there are like 5,000 pictures of me and teenage schoolgirls *laughter over Brandon* just all over Facebook from that period. But I went and visited the palace museum.

    And anyway, I remembered a time in Korea where I'd seen someone carving these and he would do a little of this and blow it off, do a little bit and blow it off. Kind of the old-school carver. Now most days it's actually-- they're actually made by machines. You load in a design, you lock in your little tojong into the machine, and it goes and it will carve it out to look like the little computer design. But you see occasionally old school people carving them hand-- That's why I made it do that, because I'd actually seen someone carving one. There is not supposed to be any hidden magical meaning, other than the fact the stone that they're using is a traditional type of stone, which may or may not have Invested properties.

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    Kurkistan

    Okay, so I'm contractually obligated to ask about time bubbles one more time.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    Kurkistan

    So what's up with frame of reference for time bubbles; in that obviously if you make a bubble and it's still it's not really still, like time moves differently but--

    Brandon Sanderson

    We deal with that a little bit in Era 2 Book 2 [Shadows of Self], where we talk about the fact that you know-- obviously the bubble is moving with the planet. So they're not-- the frame of reference is not absolute.

    Kurkistan

    Yeah.

    Brandon Sanderson

    And so we talk about sorta' the idea of mass and momentum and time bubbles and things like that.

    Kurkistan

    Okay.

    Brandon Sanderson

    For instance you can make a time bubble on a train.

    Kurkistan

    Oh and it stays on the train?!

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes, but when you start catching stuff off of the train, it's gonna' jar each time, and it's probably going to ruin your time bubble, right?

    Kurkistan

    So does it get it's "anchor" from-- it's asking all the things that are within it what they think "still" is?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes. That's a good way of looking at it. Frame of reference for the Cognitive things around. Make sense?

    Kurkistan

    Okay, the things around or the things within it, specifically?

    Brandon Sanderson

    The things that it's cutting into, specifically, but yeah.

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    Argent

    Would a parshman who received multiple breaths, or any other type of Investiture, be able to gain sentence or become more like listener-- Kind of like mistwraith/kandra?

    Brandon Sanderson

    That would require some Identity changes and transformations.

    Argent

    So it's not just a dump of--

    Brandon Sanderson

    It's not just a dump. It's a biological thing for them, they've adapted. So they've evolved to the point where this sort of thing-- It would be like trying to power DC with AC current or the wrong voltage or something like that... I mean once you figure it out it could be an easy hack but finding out that hack it's like-- You know it's like going back to people in the 1800's and being like "Why don't you guys have electricity?" *laughter*

    Firefight Chicago signing ()
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    Kurkistan

    Could a Feruchemist manipulate their identity such that they could make a metalmind that anyone could tap?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Ah... RAFO.

    Kurkistan

    Okay; could they manipulate their identity such that they could pull Breaths out of something that somebody else Awakened?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Ah... ahahah, Awakened, oh yeah... That one's going to be harder, but you're thinking along-- You're thinking with portals. *smiles* Do you know what that means.

    Kurkistan

    Yes, I know what it means--

    Brandon Sanderson

    You're starting to think with portals.

    Kurkistan

    I'm thinking with portals, okay, thank you.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes. In other words you're wrapping your head around the way that the magic system is working, so.

    Argent

    That's so excellent.

    Firefight Chicago signing ()
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    Argent

    Are there power modifiers for Soulstamps like there are for AonDor?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes.

    Argent

    Yes... Does Shai know them-- Or any of them?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Um... Hehehehehe...

    Argent

    Not "has she used them", I'm not going to go there, but does she know any of them?

    Brandon Sanderson

    She knows more than she thinks she does.