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    Questioner

    Let's say Wax filled an ironmind with weight, forged it into steel, and then burned that steel with allomancy. If there would be an effect, what would it be?

    Brandon Sanderson

    It would not have an effect in that situation, depending on what it looks like. There is a way to do this where you would end up with just a very, very mild effect. But with him... no, you couldn't even make it work. All that would happen is, you could maybe get the weight back out a little bit. But you couldn't compound it, basically. Good question. I've never been asked that one before.

    Mini-Con 2021 ()
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    Use the Falchion (paraphrased)

    I asked Steven Bohls if he and Brandon have any cool ideas for the next Lux book in terms of cool settings or cities.

    Steven Bohls (paraphrased)

    He mentioned that Book 5 will most likely be set in the New Orleans bayou/deep swamp area. (Or at least that's what he'd like.) It will most likely be a shorter book, at around 100k words overall; and there's a good chance that Mizzy will be a major POV character in the next book. Fun fact - Mizzy was supposed to show up in Lux, as Jax was supposed to go from Boston through New York, meet Mizzy and see Regalia flood the city, and then end up in Texas. This part ended up being cut as it was too tangential to the story. (Wingflare's original gimmick was going to be sound and a sound effect, but this was cut - as were most sound effects - as it felt too much like a gimmick.) Brandon currently wants Lux to be a trilogy, and the second book in that trilogy may be released sometime next November. (The two have ideas, but they were waiting on some sales reports and contract stuff first, and that may have just arrived this past week.)  

    Mini-Con 2021 ()
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    Mojonero

    Back before the Final Ascension, if you had a full Feruchemist and a Mistborn, both with access and knowledge of all 16 metals, could they make medallions without the use of hemalurgy?

    Brandon Sanderson

    If they knew what to do maybe. Much easier with hemalurgy - but it would be possible.

    Mini-Con 2021 ()
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    Questioner (paraphrased)

    Do you believe that Preservation is inherently good and that Ruin is inherently evil?

    Brandon Sanderson (paraphrased)

    No, I don't think any of the shards are inherently good or evil. Ruin can be and was for many years presented as the necessary force of progress. Things need to decay in order for life to exist. Entropy is a necessary aspect of life. Ruin doesn't have to be evil but Ruin is hard to control and Odium is even harder. Because of that there is a higher likelihood that Ruin or Odium are going to be very dangerous if left unchecked

    Mini-Con 2021 ()
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    Dirigible (paraphrased)

    In Secret History, we have the Connection orb that Kelsier uses that draws Connection lines from him to things around him. If Vin (Well of Ascension era Vin) used that orb and also like drew in the mists, could she steelpush on non-metal objects?

    Brandon Sanderson (paraphrased)

    No, there are ways you can do that to non-metal but that is not it. There are ways.

    Dirigible (paraphrased)

    Atium alloys? 

    Brandon Sanderson (paraphrased)

    Atium—what alloys?

    Dirigible (paraphrased)

    Atium/Iron or Atium/Steel?

    Brandon Sanderson (paraphrased)

    Ehh, hmm, now you’re getting into RAFO territory.

    Mini-Con 2021 ()
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    asmodeus

    Do those consumed by Yelig-nar (like Aesudan, Amaram) appear briefly in Shadesmar after they die, but before they pass onto the beyond?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yelig-nar consumes them entirely, like Nightblood.

    Mini-Con 2021 ()
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    Pagerunner

    Are there ten metals (and their respective alloys) that can be used in fabrials? The eight allomantic pure metals, silver, and then one more?

    Brandon Sanderson

    There are more than 10. :)

    Mini-Con 2021 ()
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    Double

    Rayse (Odium) was very methodical with the order in which he went after other Shards. Hypothetically if he'd visited the Rosharan system all those years ago but managed to avoid being trapped and was able to continue his mission right away, which of the known Shards would've been next up on Rayse's hit list?

    Brandon Sanderson

    He expected Ruin to implode. So he might have gone for Autonomy, double crossing them.

    General Reddit 2021 ()
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    Lucario-ist

    I've been wanting White Sand for a while. But E-books hurt my eyes, so I've been looking for a physical copy. I have no trouble finding either the 2nd or 3rd volume, but I can't find the first.

    Brandon Sanderson

    As others have said, compilation is incoming soon. Don't buy expensive copies. Wait until the whole thing is out in one.

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    Hut on a Hill

    One last question, why do gems crack when Stormlight is drawn out of them quickly?

    Brandon Sanderson

    When the Stormlight is coming out--you'll notice that there's the slightest physical presence of lots of spren, seons. A lot of this Investiture does have a physical side to it you can feel and that much Stormlight coming through... like when it's leaking out, it is generally going through micro cracks in the structure--where the crystal lattice didn't line up or flaws in the structure--and it coming out quickly like that, it's like hitting it with a hammer from inside along those fault lines. Much less likely to happen based on how good your gemstone is.

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    Robert

    It is established in The Way of Kings that standard Shardplate forms to fit the wearer perfectly. Would this work if you put it on a dog or horse?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Within reasonable limits, how about that? Depends on the size of the dog or the horse. There are dogs that you could fit Shardplate with, there are probably horses that you could too.

    Emily Sanderson

    But they would be axehounds, right?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Well, yeah. If you brought a dog to Roshar.

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    Allura Williams

    I love the symmetrical Alethi names like Shallan and Navani. How do you come up with such good names.

    Brandon Sanderson

    It is part instinct, part design. And trying things out and seeing how people respond to them and changing it if they just don't feel right over time. I like having a linguistic quirk, such as symmetry or repeated consonant sounds. Those sort of things are very fun for me. I like real world inspirations. Famously, Silence came from looking at names of actual... Puritans, came from an actual Puritan name that I ran across in sort of a family history context, and I'm like. "Ooh, someone named their child Silence? That I've gotta use." Real world inspirations are fun. Ran across another one of those, you may see pop up if I do some more Threnody things. I ran across a person whose name was Thomas Thomas and I just love the name Thomas Thomas.

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    Questioner

    What was the level of technology before the Ascension [of the Lord Ruler]? You mentioned gunpowder and canning, but everything else appears to be a blend of feudal Europe and the early Renaissance.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Well, it depends on the country you were in and the time period specifically we're talking. Right before the Ascension, we're looking at a society that is hitting industrialization. Basically, where you see the Final Empire stop is close to where they were, they got a little bit further. Except there were certain things that were forbidden.

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    Questioner

    Were the kandra based on the monster from John Carpenter's The Thing?

    Brandon Sanderson

    I would be willing to bet that there was an unconscious influence there. I am a fan of John Carpenter films and of The Thing. I didn't consciously say, "Oh, I'm going to design something like The Thing." Mostly, I wanted a shapeshifter that had an interesting limitation and rule to it that had not been--that I hadn't seen in fiction before and the mistwraiths actually kind of grew out of that, but the kandra were just, "What can I do with this idea?" But there are some kandra related plots that are reminiscent of The Thing.

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    Charlie Anderson

    Would Gavilar be proud of Dalinar if he could see him now?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Proud of some things, not of others. Gavilar would want more ambition from Dalinar than Dalinar has shown. He would think that Dalinar has been too inhibited in certain things he's chosen to do. Yet, at the same time, there are certain things that Gavilar would very much approve of, even things that Dalinar himself is proud of. It would be complicated.

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    Gatlin A Jordan

    The possibility of turning the plot of Mistborn: Birthright into a graphic novel.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Mistborn: Birthright graphic novel. We have discussed this, we have talked about it. This was, if you're unfamiliar with it, a video game that was in development for many years with a video game person, Matt Scott, that I really like. And it just never quite panned out. I had provided the initial story and outline. There is definitely something there, the thing is--to remember--I designed it for a video game and sometimes those things interpret or change well, adapt well, sometimes they don't. I'd have to think about it. I haven't given up hope on some day doing it, but we shall see.

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    Jay Mike McCue

    In regards to Chiri-Chiri, when she's fully grown, will her size be comparable to Ruth the white dragon, as large as Lessa's Ramoth, or a size in between?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So, they can get to full--I would say as large or larger than the larger Anne McCaffrey dragons. Whether Chiri-Chiri will grow to that size, it depends. There is variety in adult sizes of the larkin.

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    Questioner

    The violet eye color in The Way of Kings. We got to know that Dunny had violet eyes and Sigzil said the color wasn't native to Alethkar. Navani also has violet eyes, Jasnah too, and Tanalan from The Rift. So, is Navani or her family line not Alethi? And is there more to this specific eye color than we know so far?

    Brandon Sanderson

    There's a little bit more there that I will talk about eventually. You should not look at Navani and be like, "Oh, they're not native" in that I designed the Alethi as a race of conquerors who also--like I said before, one of the inspirations for the Alethi were the Mongols and particularly how the Mongols ruled after they had their empire. They were perfectly willing to incorporate anybody. The Romans did this too, "If you want to be part of our empire, great. If you're not gonna rebel, great. We will, to an extent, respect your religions and your ways and if you're willing to integrate then we're not gonna treat you terribly."

    The Alethi have this history of being one of the, in that way, most multi-ethnic cultures on Roshar. Now, the sad thing is, the reason some of those ethnicities are there is due to brutal conquest and treatment of the world. But regardless, the Alethi have--most of them have no kind of pureblood sort of perspective, they don't care. They don't care what you look like, they care about whether you act like as part of their culture, whether you're integrated.

    Emily Sanderson

    As long as you have light colored eyes.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes, well, they'll still accept you as Alethi.

    Emily Sanderson

    That's true. You just don't get to be the ruling class.

    Brandon Sanderson

    You just don't get to be highborn. So, this is just a hint much like you will see the Alethi have a very varied skin tone, they have lots of varied hair colors. You know, you're going to see mostly the kind of traditional Alethi black, but you know, there are multiple main characters in the series [where] that is not their hair color despite being considered one hundred percent Alethi. They would not look at Adolin and say he's half-not-Alethi, he's all Alethi even though one of his parents was raised in a different culture, he's one hundred percent an Alethi. And that's just how they look at things. So that's how you'd read into that, though there is a little bit to the eye color that maybe I'll get into some day.

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    Jonathan McGuire

    If Wayne and The Lopen were to meet, would they hit it off?

    Brandon Sanderson

    They would get along fantastically, absolutely fantastically. Lopen would find Wayne imitating his accent to be the funniest thing that he has ever heard... and Wayne would introduce him to all kinds of interesting modern conveniences like flushing toilets and whatnot and Lopen would find that all just delightful. So, yes they would certainly hit it off.

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    Winter Wolf

    In Warbreaker, how did Denth feel about Vivenna?

    Brandon Sanderson

    RAFO. I'll RAFO that. We'll get to that... I don't want to... it's more I'm worried that I would spoil things if I answered that question the right way. Complicated. How about that? He had complex feelings toward Vivenna... not easily encapsulated in a simple answer.

    Footnote: The full question was, "In Warbreaker, how did Denth feel about Vivenna? He was clearly manipulating and using her, but was all of his friendliness an act or was he telling the truth about liking her?"
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    Naomi's Book Nook

    Is Soulcast meat vegetarian or vegan?

    Brandon Sanderson

    So this is a good question, you would have to decide this, right? I can't decide this for you. We were talking the other day, this is actually a bigger question. If a plant is sapient, like from a fantasy world, and you're eating that, is that meal vegetarian? If you cut down an ent and eat an ent, is that a vegetarian meal? I'm sure we're not the first ones have to asked this, but at Magic [The Gathering] when we were playing last week, we were like, "Wait!"

    Adam Horne

    My vote is yes you're vegetarian, but you're also a monster.

    Brandon Sanderson

    Yes! Yes, you're also a monster, right? There needs to be some new phrase... vegan could probably be adapted to it, but there's got to be something that's like, "This did not come from any sapient being." I would... if I were vegetarian, I would have no problem eating sSoulcast meat if I would have no philosophical problem with eating lab grown meat. So it is cruelty free, but it is based on an animal product.

    Miscellaneous 2021 ()
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    Brandon Sanderson

    I really like that one [the mystery of Roanoke]. I actually, for a while... You guys are gonna hate me for this, but I, for a while, was gonna have the second Rithmatist novel deal with that. And then I threw that out the window; one of the reasons why the second Rithmatist novel's taken forever is I threw that whole concept. But it was gonna be Lost Colony-focused, for a little while.

    General Reddit 2021 ()
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    Xais56

    Brandon has said that everyone ought to be able to burn Atium, like they can all burn Lerasium, and the fact that they can't was an oversight on his part that he would've done different in hindsight.

    Maybe now he's had an in-universe reason to re-write the laws of allomancy it's back to his intended concept; Mistborn burn all 16 base metals, mistings burn one base metal, non-allomancers can only burn godmetal.

    Peter Ahlstrom

    My explanation for this is that Preservation somehow caused all naturally occurring atium to form as an alloy of atium and electrum. The atium Mistings were actually electrum Mistings.

    Xais56

    It's a very tidy solution, but it creates the maddening question of what does pure atium do?

    Peter Ahlstrom

    That answer has already been revealed canonically. RAFO.

    LewsTherinTelescope

    Is this proper canon (or as close as out-of-book statements come), or more Peter the fan theorizing?

    Peter Ahlstrom

    I’m not totally sure Brandon is happy with this explanation.

    JordanCon 2021 ()
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    Questioner

     What are you most excited about for the Wheel of Time TV series?

    Brandon Sanderson

    Episode 6 is my favorite, Episode 7 is really good. Episodes 1 and 2 are both really good too. There are no bad episodes in Season 1. I haven't read Season 2, all of them, so I can't say. I've read the first two. But Season 1, I'll go beyond that. All of Season 1, every episode is above average in good television that I have seen. So no whammies, and the writing is really solid. Among the fanbase there are going to be discussions about the changes made. Like I said, there are on a level around the Tolkien movies. 

    Questioner

    And there are some significant changes in Lord of the Rings.

    Brandon Sanderson

    I would call them about equivalent to that. More changes than Game of Thrones, more like the Lord of the Rings films, less than something like I, Robot or one of those completely off the rails ones. I've been viewing it as a different turning of the Wheel. [...] Because none of the changes are such that I wouldn't see them fitting in another turning, so to speak.

    Questioner

    I'm so excited. You haven't actually seen it, right?

    Brandon Sanderson

    No, the only parts I've seen were the ones that were being filmed while I was in Prague. Moiraine is sooo good. Rosamund is really good as Moiraine. That's a casting choice on the level of Ian McKellen as Gandalf. She's so good in the role. I really only got to see her and Lan, and Lan was good. I got to see just a liiitle bit of the other ones, I didn't get enough to judge.